How to Read & Write Numbers Up to Six Digits: Lesson for Kids

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  • 0:04 Large Numbers
  • 0:25 Reading Larger Numbers
  • 3:26 Writing Numbers
  • 4:04 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Bethany Calderwood

Bethany has taught special education in grades PK-5 and has a master's degree in special education.

When doing math, it is important to know how to both read and write large numbers. In this lesson, you will learn how to use place value to read and write numbers with one to six digits.

Large Numbers

Let's take a look at Benjamin, who decided to count what grew in his garden. He found 867,440 carrots. Can you read that sentence aloud? It's a tough one! But knowing how to read and write larger numbers is an essential math skill. So, let's explore how to read and write numbers with one to six digits.

Reading Larger Numbers

All numbers are read from left to right. You can use place value, the value of a digit based on its position in the number, to help you read the number. Let's see how.

Single-Digit Numbers

A single-digit number is in the ones place. The name of a single-digit number is simply the name of the digit. Let's read the names of single-digit numbers:

  • 0 is read zero
  • 1 is read one
  • 2 is read two
  • 3 is read three
  • 4 is read four
  • 5 is read five
  • 6 is read six
  • 7 is read seven
  • 8 is read eight
  • 9 is read nine

Two-Digit Numbers

Two-digit numbers extend into the tens place, which is the second digit from the right. Reading a two-digit number requires knowing a variety of number names.

The two-digit numbers beginning in 1 each have a unique name, so you simply need to memorize each. To read two-digit numbers beginning with 2 through 9, use the name of the value of the tens place plus the name of the digit in the ones place. Let's read some two-digit numbers beginning in 1 and some beginning in 2 through 9:

  • 10 is read ten
  • 11 is read eleven
  • 12 is read twelve
  • 13 is read thirteen
  • 14 is read fourteen
  • 15 is read fifteen
  • 16 is read sixteen
  • 17 is read seventeen
  • 18 is read eighteen
  • 19 is read nineteen
  • 20 is read twenty
  • 30 is read thirty
  • 40 is read forty
  • 50 is read fifty
  • 60 is read sixty
  • 70 is read seventy
  • 80 is read eighty
  • 90 is read ninety

Now, let's try reading a list of items Benjamin found in his garden:

  • 45 slugs is read forty-five slugs
  • 96 pumpkins is read ninety-six pumpkins
  • 27 ladybugs is read twenty-seven ladybugs

Three-Digit Numbers

Three-digit numbers extend into the hundreds place, which is the third digit from the right. To read a three-digit number, name the first digit, add the word ''hundred,'' and then read the rest of the number:

  • 300 tomatoes is read three hundred tomatoes
  • 777 heads of lettuce is read seven hundred seventy-seven heads of lettuce

Four-Digit Numbers

Four-digit numbers extend into the thousands place, which is the fourth digit from the right. To read a four-digit number, name the first digit, say the word ''thousand,'' and then read the rest of the number:

  • 4,000 radishes is read four thousand radishes
  • 8,122 peppers is read eight thousand one hundred twenty-two peppers

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