How to Write a Lesson Plan for Middle School

Instructor: Derek Hughes
This lesson explains how to write a comprehensive lesson plan for middle school classrooms. You'll learn about the key components of a lesson plan: subject area, standards, instructional objective, procedure, and assessment.

Lesson Plan Defined

Going into a classroom as a teacher without a lesson plan is possibly the most dangerous thing you could do. Students can sense when you aren't sure what you're doing and will immediately adjust their attitudes to take advantage of that. That is why it's extremely important to write a lesson plan. A lesson plan is basically a detailed outline of what you want to teach, what you want your students to learn, and how you will help facilitate learning.

This lesson details several important components of a lesson plan, with explanations geared toward writing plans for middle school classrooms.

Components of a Lesson Plan

To write a good lesson plan, there are several important components you should always include. These components may change depending on the requirements of your principal or district, but if you are just starting out writing plans, always include these.

  • Subject area
  • Standards aligned
  • Instructional Objective
  • Procedure
  • Assessment

By including all of these elements in a lesson plan, you are preparing yourself as much as possible for any curve balls students might throw your way.

Subject Area and Standards

The first two pieces of information you should always include in your middle school lesson plan are the subject area and standards. Subject area should be pretty straightforward. This is simply the subject you are teaching in the lesson, such as math, reading, science, or social studies. As a middle school teacher, your subject area might be narrow because you might be teaching only one subject to various classes of students.

In addition to the subject area, you should also include which standards your lesson is aligned with. In modern education, it is crucial that you align all of your lessons with your school or district standards. Aligning your lessons with standards helps ensure that you are teaching the skills and information prescribed by administration.

Instructional Objective

The next part of your lesson plan should be your instructional objective. It is important to include this piece of information so that you have a clear goal in mind when teaching. For middle school students, this objective can be slightly more complicated than if you were writing a lesson for younger students. This objective is usually written to specify what the students will learn, how they will demonstrate understanding of the objective, and how you will facilitate learning.

An example of an instructional objective for middle school students might look like the following:

  • Students will learn about persuasive writing and speaking by listening to Martin Luther King, Jr.'s 'I Have a Dream' speech and will demonstrate understanding by writing a persuasive essay with guidance from the teacher on their topic of choice.

In this example, the instructional objective includes how students will learn (by listening to the speech), how they will demonstrate understanding (by writing their own essay), and how you will facilitate learning (by offering guidance while the students are writing).


After you have written your instructional objective, the next step is to write out your procedure. This section should detail the steps you are going to take when teaching. You should include as much detail as possible when writing out your procedure, building in moments where you can adjust instruction if you find your students are struggling with the material.

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