How to Write a Poem: Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Rayna Cummings

Rayna has taught Elementary Education for 12 years (in both 1st, 2nd, and 3rd grades) and holds a M.Ed in Early Childhood Education from The Ohio State University

Writing can be very fun to do, especially when it is in a poem. In this lesson, you will learn about different types of poems and be given examples to show how to write these poems. So let's not stall, poem writing learning is going to be a ball.

Ready, Get Set, Let's Go

Jump up. Jump down. Turn around and touch the ground. That was fun, wasn't it? You just read a short poem. Poems are writings that usually use figurative language in different lines that can have rhythm, rhyming, and feelings. Figurative language is when you use words that convey an idea or impression rather than the exact facts of what something does, such as writing 'the dog talks' instead of 'the dog barks.'

Many Types of Poems

There is not one style of writing you have to use for poetry like you do when writing a book report. (Poetry is another word used for poems.) There are many different types of poetry, as you will see below.

Rhyming Poems

Rhyming poems are poems that do exactly as their name says: rhyme. There are three types of rhyming poems that you can write. Let's take a look at each one!

1. Couplets

Couplets are short and silly rhyming poems. They have two lines, and the last words rhyme.

I saw a mouse, he ate a whole house.

2. Triplets

Triplets are rhyming poems that have three lines. If the last word in each line rhymes, the pattern is called AAA. If the last word in only the first and third lines rhyme, the pattern is called ABA.

AAA example: Once there was a rat. He sat on a mat. Until he saw a cat.

ABA example: Football is a fun game to me. Running, catching, throwing. A touchdown I like to see.

3. Quatrain poems are special poems with four lines that rhyme. There are two types of quatrain poems you can write.

An AABB pattern quatrain poem has first and second lines with a set of rhyming words, and third and fourth lines with a different set of rhyming words


Example of a famous AABB quatrain poem - Humpty Dumpty
Famous Quatrain Poem


An ABAB pattern quatrain poem has first and third lines with a set of rhyming words, and second and fourth lines with a different set of rhyming words. Here's an example:

We went to the park

to play with my pet dog

then it got dark

and I tripped over a log

As you can see in this ABAB pattern quatrain poem, the first and third lines have rhyming words of 'park' and 'dark,' and the second and fourth lines have rhyming words of 'dog' and 'log.'

Personification Poems

A personification poem is a poem that takes a non-human object and gives it human qualities.

Have you ever read the poem 'Hey Diddle Diddle'?


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