Hrunting Sword in Beowulf

Instructor: Debbie Notari

Debbie Notari received her Bachelor’s degree in English and M.S. in Education Literacy and Learning for Grades 6-12. Debbie has over 28 years of teaching experience, teaching a variety of grades for courses like English, Reading, Music, and more.

The epic tale 'Beowulf' has intrigued readers for centuries. Find out how what started as a rivalry became a generous gesture - the lending of the hrunting sword, a sword that had never seen defeat.


So, what is a hrunting sword? In order to understand fully, we must review the story of Beowulf. Beowulf is from the tribe of the Geats, the land of Geatland, and he is a hero. He hears about Grendel, a terrible swamp monster who haunts the halls of Hrothgar, a mighty Danish king. Hrothgar builds a magnificent hall named Heorot for his warriors to enjoy, with great banquets and music, but Grendel dislikes the noise that comes from the hall, and he is a tad jealous of the festivities, as well. This 'man cave' extraordinaire, as it were, ignites the rage of this monster, who proceeds to drag 30 of Hrothgar's warriors away, killing and eating them, and for the following 12 years, Grendel attacks Hrothgar's subjects at will, feasting and plundering viciously.

Hrothgar despairs, but help is on the way, as Geat King Higelac's champion warrior, Beowulf, hears of Hrothgrar's situation and decides to help. Beowulf takes 14 of his trusted friends and journeys by boat to Heorot. When Beowulf arrives, he makes a strong, favorable impression on the Danes; he looks strong and fearless, dressed as a hero. He introduces himself to Hrothgar's officer and offers his assistance, saying that he can defeat Grendel. However, the soldier replies that it is easier to say something than to actually do. Hrothgar's people have suffered for so long that no one believes Grendel can be defeated. Eventually, Beowulf meets Hrothgar, who is also impressed by Beowulf's prowess. Also, Hrothgar sees Beowulf, who was reputed to be as strong as 30 men, as sent by God to defeat Grendel.


Beowulf decides to fight Grendel alone, and since Grendel never uses weapons, Beowulf claims that he will fight him bare-handed as well. He then asks Hrothgar to bury him should he be killed in the battle with Grendel, and to send his armor back to King Higelac. Even though Hrothgar believes Beowulf has been sent by God to defeat Grendel, he has seen champions come and go, so he suggests that all sit down first for a decent meal, where there is much singing and feasting before Beowulf tries to defeat Grendel.

During the feast, one of Hrothgar's men, Unferth, reveals that he is jealous of Beowulf. Unferth is one of those characters who cannot stand to be outdone by anyone else. Although Beowulf describes how he once defeated a sea monster, Unferth scoffs at the idea that Beowulf can defeat Grendel, but Beowulf accuses Unferth of being confused and drunk. He goes on to inquire why Unferth, if he is so great a warrior, has not been able to defeat Grendel, himself? One could almost see Beowulf rising at this point, sword raised to the sky as he boasts that although Grendel does not fear the Danes, he will certainly fear the Geats hereafter! He states that he will either kill Grendel or die trying!

That night, the bloodthirsty Grendel approaches Heorot, thinking to once again snatch warriors for his dinner, but he doesn't expect to meet Beowulf, who is wide awake, waiting. After a fierce battle, Beowulf defeats the monster, bringing joy and celebration to Hrothgar and his people. In fact, Grendel's arm is hung on the wall as a trophy! Beowulf receives many gifts and rewards for his valorous feat, and it seems that all is well.

To unlock this lesson you must be a Member.
Create your account

Register to view this lesson

Are you a student or a teacher?

Unlock Your Education

See for yourself why 30 million people use

Become a member and start learning now.
Become a Member  Back
What teachers are saying about
Try it now
Create an account to start this course today
Used by over 30 million students worldwide
Create an account