Brianna has a masters of education in educational leadership, a DBA business management, and a BS in animal science.
A First Glance at the Recruitment Process and Strategies
Let's imagine that you work for a company in the human resource department. You just found out that a veteran employee has decided to retire. They have been a staple of the company for so long, how will you ever replace them? How will you know how to advertise for the positions and weed out all the not-so-great candidates?
Luckily there are ways to help you find a great match for your company. In this lesson we will learn the recruitment process and strategies the human resource department often practices.
For most companies the human resource department is in charge of finding competent, qualified employees. In order to do so, they follow a series of steps to help aid them in the process. Let's take a look at them now:
1. Know the position and the needs- Before the HR department can start looking for a potential employee, they need to know what the company is looking for in a new candidate. This means understanding what the goals and future aspirations are for the company and how the new employee will fulfill these.
2. Design a description of the job- One way to attract potential candidates is by creating a job description that is accurate but also captures their attention. This means explaining what the roles and responsibilities will be for the new employee. It is also important to create a description that contains words that will make the posting come right up when a candidate does an online job search.
3. Develop a team- A team is often put together to help with selecting candidates for interviews. This allows more than one perspective so that the best prospect employees are chosen.
4. Announce the position- This is the step when the actual position is posted. The position might be posted on online job searches, in print, and/or through social media.
5. Narrow down applicants- After potential employees apply for the job, the next step is to sift through all of the applications in order to narrow down the number of candidates to consider. This creates a small, more manageable list of possible employees.
6. Interview candidates- When a small list is created, it's time to interview those candidates. This is when a company gets to learn about the candidate and the candidate gets to learn more about the position.
7. Choose a finalist- After interviews are completed, the final candidate is chosen. This is also the step when the references of that candidate are checked to ensure that the individual is the right fit for the company.
8. Hire and complete the process- When the references are checked, an offer is presented to the potential new employee. If they accept the offer, the recruitment process is completed.
Let's take a moment to look at some of the strategies that help a company find a great candidate that matches the goals of the company.
- Internal recommendations - Often times a company will look within their own company to fill a position. This strategy works well because the current employees already know and understand the company and its goals.
- Posting in the right places - Advertising the open position so that it reaches the most potential candidates is a key strategy. Some considerations are placing the ad in publications that are industry related. A position for a car mechanic, for example, might be advertised in car magazines.
- Social media - Social media is hugely popular. That being said, social media sites are a great way to reach a huge population of people and spread the word that there is an open position.
- Internships - Some companies get a firsthand look at potential employees by having them actually work for them for a bit. Internships allow a company to see how the person works and fits in with the environment of the company.
- Job Fairs - Many people looking for a job attend job fairs. By advertising at those fairs, a company is able to meet a variety of future employees. It allows a company to learn more about interested applicants and explain what they are looking for in a new employee. It gives a more personal approach to finding candidates.
- Job agencies - Letting a job agency know that a company is looking for potential employees helps reach those individuals that may not utilize the internet in job-seeking. It opens up the candidate pool to include a larger variety of candidates.
The human resources department is responsible for finding and hiring employees. In order to find a great candidate, many HR departments utilize a process to ensure the candidate chosen matches the goals of the company. The steps utilized often include: knowing the position, designing a description, developing a team, announcing the position, narrowing down, interviewing, choosing a finalist and hiring. Along with the steps there are some strategies that help an HR department recruit employees. Some of the strategies are using social media, job agencies, job fairs, and internships, to name a few.
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