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IEP Goals for Students with Visual Impairments: Types & Examples

Instructor: Abigail Cook
Students with visual impairments often need specific help to develop skills that most kids would acquire on their own. Let's take a look at how IEP goals can be written to help students with vision loss.

Students with Visual Impairments

Most people rely heavily on their vision to move safely through their environment, learn new skills and take care of themselves. Students with visual impairments usually require specialized instruction in school to acquire these skills. When the visual impairment adversely affects students' academic progress, they qualify for special education and IEPs.

IEP Goals & Accomodations

A visually impaired student and his/her parents and teachers can work together on an individualized education plan (IEP) team to determine specific goals that the student should be working on. An IEP is a legal document that outlines how a student is currently performing and where he/she should be in a year's time. This document is specific and unique for each individual student.

Students with visual impairments often have academic subject goals, along with those related to physical orientation and mobility and independent living. In this lesson, we'll focus on three areas commonly found in an IEP for students with visual impairments and some ideas for accommodations that may be necessary.

Orientation and Mobility

Orientation and mobility refer to students' awareness of their environment and their ability to move around safely and efficiently. This area is commonly seen on IEPs for students with visual impairments because they usually require specific instructions to learn about their environments, as opposed to learning about them naturally.

For example, Kira is a preschooler with a severe visual impairment. Her teachers will help her focus on a variety of skills that fall under orientation and mobility.

For instance, Kira will follow two-step directions from the teacher at least 90% of the time:

  • Stand up and push in your chair.
  • Put your pencil down and fold your hands.
  • Walk to the door and stand quietly in line.

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