Immunology Lesson Plan

Instructor: Kerry Gray

Kerry has been a teacher and an administrator for more than twenty years. She has a Master of Education degree.

This lesson plan is a tool for helping students learn about immunology. Students will be able to answer questions using textual evidence to support their answers and summarize the functions and disorders of the immune system.

Learning Objectives

Upon completion of this lesson on immunology, students will be able to:

  • Cite textual evidence when answering questions about the text.
  • Summarize immunity and immune disorders.
  • Use content-specific vocabulary to describe immunodeficiency.


90 minutes

Common Core Curriculum Standards


Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of science and technical texts, attending to important distinctions the author makes and to any gaps or inconsistencies in the account.


Determine the central ideas or conclusions of a text; summarize complex concepts, processes, or information presented in a text by paraphrasing them in simpler but still accurate terms.


Determine the meaning of symbols, key terms, and other domain-specific words and phrases as they are used in a specific scientific or technical context relevant to grades 11-12 texts and topics.


  • adaptive immune system
  • allergies
  • antibodies
  • autoimmune disease
  • bacteria
  • immune system
  • immunodeficiency
  • immunologist
  • immunology
  • innate immune system
  • neutrophils
  • pathogens
  • severe combined immunodeficiency syndrome (SCID)
  • transplant
  • vaccines
  • virus


  • Copies of the worksheet
  • Copies of the lesson
  • Paper
  • Pens
  • Access to internet research materials

Reading & Discussion Questions

  • Preview vocabulary with students before reading the lesson.
  • Read What is Immunology? - Definition & Branches as a class, and discuss the following questions:
    • What is immunology?
    • What are some symptoms that your immune system is fighting germs?
    • What is the function of the immune system?
    • What is the difference between basic immunology and clinical immunology?
    • What is the difference between the innate immune system and the adaptive immune system?
    • Why might an immunologist study neutrophils?
    • What might an immunologist learn by studying B cells?
    • What are some examples of autoimmune diseases?
    • What are allergies?
    • Why would an immunologist be needed when someone is getting a heart transplant?
    • Describe vaccine science.
    • What are some examples of immunodeficiencies?
    • What is the treatment goal when someone has an immunodeficiency disorder?
  • Ask if there are any questions; then give the students the lesson's printable worksheet to check for understanding.
  • Check the answers as a class.


Research Project

Materials: Copies of the lesson, paper, pens, access to internet research

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