Improper Fractions to Mixed Numbers Activities & Games

Instructor: Tawnya Eash

Tawnya has a master's degree in early childhood education and teaches all subjects at an elementary school.

Help your students avoid saying, 'Oh no, not fractions!' with this lesson. You'll find activities and games that encourage students to change improper fractions into mixed numbers while having fun!

Improper Fractions

Fractions don't have to be complicated for your students. If you provide opportunities for students to learn about improper fractions in meaningful, hands-on ways, they'll see the fun in fractions! This lesson has ideas that can be easily adapted to meet the needs of your students and your own teaching style. Check out some engaging activities and games that allow your students to turn improper fractions into mixed numbers!


Domino Fractions

Students get to use dominoes to understand improper fractions and convert them to mixed numbers.

Materials for each group

  • Set of dominoes
  • Drawing paper or notebook paper
  • Pencils
  • Reference on changing improper fractions to mixed numbers


  • Students will work in groups of two to three to change improper fractions on dominoes to mixed numbers.
  • Each group will lay the dominoes upside down in an array.
  • Students will decide who picks first and will take turns after that.
  • The first student will choose a domino and turn it right side up. He/she will form the improper fraction out of the domino. Example: 3 dots and 2 dots becomes 3/2.
  • Then, students in the group will work together to convert the improper fraction into a mixed number.
    • Each student must show the work on his/her drawing paper or notebook page.
    • Students will help one another and refer to a reference as needed.
  • Students can keep playing while all groups have an opportunity to convert at least 15 improper fractions.
  • When finished, pair groups up so they can share and compare their fractions.

Move Over

Keep students moving while they practice solving problems turning improper fractions to mixed numbers.


  • Prepared problems changing improper fractions to mixed numbers
    • At least one for each student
    • Number each problem
    • Various problems such as word problems, real life situations, pictures, etc.
  • Pencils
  • Notebook
  • Timer


  • Students will work individually by going around the room to solve problems with improper fractions.
  • Place the problems around the room (desks, work stations, on the walls, etc.) so students have to move from place to place to solve their problems.
    • Keep the problems in order so it's easy for students to keep track of the ones they did. Example: Problem number one should be close to problem number two, problem number two should be close to problem number three, and so on.
  • Explain to students that they'll solve a problem within a certain amount of time and then move on to the next problem when the time's up.
  • Give all students a place to start. Make sure they number their problems and show their work.
  • Set a timer for approximately two minutes to allow enough time for all students to solve their problem. If it seems like students need more time, adjust accordingly.
  • When the time's up tell students to ''move over'' to their next problem.
  • Continue the activity until all students have completed all problems.
  • Review answers with a partner or as an entire class.


Hunt for Treasure

Students play a unique version of a board game while converting improper fractions to mixed numbers.

Materials for each group

  • Large game board
    • Created by hand or printed out from the computer and glued onto posterboard
    • At least 15 whole spaces from beginning to end
    • Each whole space should be divided into ten equal parts (or another fractional amount if students aren't familiar with equivalent fractions with tenths)
    • Refer to the game board image as an example
  • Game pieces
  • Set of improper fraction cards
    • At least 20
    • Hand-made or created on the computer
  • Notebook
  • Pencils
  • Reference on converting improper fractions to mixed numbers

Example Game Board
Game board

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