Improper Fractions to Mixed Numbers Lesson Plan

Instructor: Candice Alexander

Candice has taught all core subjects for elementary levels. She has an ESL & generalist teacher certification & holds a masters degree in educational administration.

This lesson plan explains how to convert between improper fractions and mixed numbers using a concrete activity. It shows how wholes and remainders are created through division and multiplication.

Learning Objectives

Students will be able to:

  • Convert improper fractions into mixed numbers.
  • Convert mixed numbers into improper fractions.


40-50 minutes


  • Seeds or beans
  • Medium-sized rubber bands
  • Plastic baggies


  • Improper Fraction
  • Mixed Number

Curriculum Standards


Use equivalent fractions as a strategy to add and subtract fractions.


Add and subtract fractions with unlike denominators (including mixed numbers) by replacing given fractions with equivalent fractions in such a way as to produce an equivalent sum or difference of fractions with like denominators.

Teacher Preparation

  • Place 27 seeds and 6 rubber-bands in a plastic baggie for each student.
  • Create an anchor chart for vocabulary words.

Lesson Instructions

  • Begin by posing the following problem:
    • Susie has 27 seeds and wants to put 4 seeds in each flower pot. What fraction will show how many flower pots Susie needs and how many seeds will she have left over?
  • Explain that to solve Susie's problem, the class must determine the improper fraction and change it to a mixed number.
  • Show the following video: Changing Between Improper Fraction and Mixed Number Form.
  • Pause the video at 2:56.
  • Check for understanding and preview vocabulary.
  • Explain that the class will use the same strategy as Adam in the video to solve Susie's problem.

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