Improving Psychosocial Health - Factors & Positive Steps

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  • 0:01 4 Components of…
  • 0:27 Factors Influencing…
  • 2:13 Positive Steps for…
  • 5:49 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Artem Cheprasov

Artem has a doctor of veterinary medicine degree.

What characterizes psychosocial health? This lesson focuses on the important factors that influence an individual's psychosocial health and the positive steps that can be taken to improve psychosocial health.

4 Components of Psychosocial Health

Mental, emotional, social, and spiritual health are four components of psychosocial health. Their balance and interrelationships help a person lead a healthier life. But there are things in life that can throw them out of whack and send a person into a psychological tailspin if not caught early enough. These negative factors, and the positive steps you can take to ameliorate them, are something important for us to analyze.

Factors Influencing Psychosocial Health

There's actually quite a bit that can hit you from the outside or from the inside and influence your overall wellbeing. Let's start with internal factors first. Self-esteem, a person's self-respect, sense of value, pride, and worth, is most definitely one of these. People with a high self-esteem:

  • Have pride in themselves and their accomplishments.
  • Treat themselves with respect.
  • Are confident, accepting of themselves, and believe they are valuable.

In contrast, those of us who have a low self-esteem allow others to walk all over them, don't care much for what they look like or do, have little self-confidence, and avoid taking too many risks. Maybe you've heard of someone being called overly sensitive? That may be a result of low self-esteem. Other internal factors that influence our psychosocial health include:

  • Personality, which is based on a melting pot of genetics, environment, and culture.
  • Hormones - whether due to disease or nature, fluctuating hormones can most definitely impact mental wellbeing or emotions.

But there's more: there are external factors that can influence psychosocial health. Two big ones in this respect are friends and family that may do everything from supporting us financially, mentally, and emotionally, or abusing us physically, mentally, and emotionally. These negative actions, as well as the stress they bring, play much more than bit roles in our lives.

And don't forget that a combination of internal and external elements also impact us one way or another. Just think about diet and exercise. If you lead an inactive lifestyle and overeat, you'll be prone to obesity, which negatively affects our body mentally and physically quite a lot!

Positive Steps for Psychosocial Health

Thankfully though, there are just as many ways you can change gears and improve your overall wellbeing, including your mental, emotional, spiritual, and social health. One approach to improving such wellbeing, especially social health, is by learning how to manage conflict with others:

  • Listen to, understand, and acknowledge another person's viewpoint.
  • Avoid using 'you' so a statement doesn't sound accusatory by accident.
  • Be cautious about how you use tone and volume to say something.
  • Accept criticism, acknowledge feelings, and focus only on the current problem.
  • Try to solve the problem mutually, agree to disagree, or discuss it later if things get too heated.

In other instances, internal factors play a bigger role than external ones. Therefore, try cultivating an optimistic view of life from the inside to further your spiritual, mental, and emotional health. Learned optimism is the idea that an individual can learn positive ways of thinking about and explaining both positive and negative events in their life. There are three core concepts to a pessimistic or optimistic perspective in life. They are:

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