In-School Suspension: Procedures & Statistics

An error occurred trying to load this video.

Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support.

Coming up next: What Is a Guardian ad Litem? - Definition, Qualifications & Responsibilities

You're on a roll. Keep up the good work!

Take Quiz Watch Next Lesson
Your next lesson will play in 10 seconds
  • 0:02 Why It Can Work
  • 1:37 Suspension Data
  • 3:06 Program Development
  • 6:06 Lesson Summary
Save Save Save

Want to watch this again later?

Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course.

Log in or Sign up

Speed Speed
Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Millicent Kelly

Millicent has been teaching at the university level since 2004. She holds a Bachelor's degree in Criminal Justice and a Master's degree in Human Resources.

This lesson will review best practices and procedures for implementing successful in-school suspension programs. Data regarding the use of in-school suspension will also be discussed.

Why In-School Suspension Can Work

Judy just got home from work. Her son Harry has been home for hours already and is waiting for her in the living room. With a slight tone of excitement he announces that he received a three day out-of-school suspension for talking back to a teacher in his 10th grade history class. Not only is Judy upset with Harry for being disrespectful, she's upset that he will be missing three days of school work and seems excited about it! Judy wonders if this method of discipline will accomplish anything at all.

There has been a recent trend in education to steer away from out-of-school suspension and towards in-school suspension, which is suspension punishment that takes place within school, as a discipline measure in schools, unless out-of-school suspension is deemed as absolutely necessary. Out-of-school suspension often has unintended consequences such as:

  • Appearing as rewarding students by letting them have some time away from school
  • Leaving students at home and often unsupervised with opportunity to get into additional trouble
  • Causing students to miss valuable instruction and interrupting coursework
  • Adversely affecting and impeding academic success

In our earlier example, Harry was suspended for three days for being disrespectful to a teacher. Assigning Harry to an effective in-school suspension program that will allow for academic continuity would have been a much better discipline alternative.

Data on School Suspensions

There isn't a whole lot of existing information about the effectiveness of in-school suspension programs. It's generally agreed upon by educators and parents alike, however, that in-school suspension is the preferred discipline method and should replace out-of-school suspension whenever possible.

An interesting study was done by the Office for Civil Rights of the United States Department of Education to measure discipline practices in school and how they relate to different racial populations. The study compared the percentage of racial enrollment to the number of in-school suspensions. The results clearly showed that African American students received in-school suspension and other forms of discipline at disproportionate rates when compared to white students.

African American students represented 16% of school enrollments for the 2011-2012 school year, yet received 32% of all in-school suspensions. White students who represented 51% of school enrollments that same year, only received 40% of all in-school suspensions. The study also noted that disabled students received significantly higher rates of in-school and out-of-school suspensions and expulsions. The results of this research indicate that schools should make sure that their discipline measures are free from discrimination.

In-School Program Development

Research indicates that the design of in-school suspension programs will largely impact how effective they will be in bringing about behavioral change. When an in-school suspension program is being designed, it's critical to focus on the following issues:

To unlock this lesson you must be a Member.
Create your account

Register to view this lesson

Are you a student or a teacher?

Unlock Your Education

See for yourself why 30 million people use

Become a member and start learning now.
Become a Member  Back
What teachers are saying about
Try it risk-free for 30 days

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Create an account to start this course today
Try it risk-free for 30 days!
Create an account