Incorporating Collaborative Learning in Flipped Classrooms

Instructor: Nichole Kurmaniak
This lesson focuses on using a flipped classroom model to enhance collaborative student learning and achievement. A brief explanation, benefits of, and methods of incorporating a flipped classroom are discussed.

Collaborative Learning

So you have done the research and decided to flip your classroom. You know how. You know why. The question is now: What can you do with this added time in class? The answer is: Increase students' collaborative learning time.

Collaborative learning occurs when students work together to achieve a common goal. Collaborative learning strengthens the communication of students and helps them grow into productive members of a team.

In a flipped classroom, students have more time to work collaboratively during class time.
Students have more time to work collaboratively

A traditional classroom is one in which teachers provide direct instruction, often through a lecture, and then assign homework for the students to complete on their own. In contrast, in a flipped classroom, teachers provide the main instruction as out-of-class assignments through the use of readings, videos, or lectures to be watched at home. Students then complete the bulk of the practice in the classroom. This allows the students to read or watch the material, several times if they desire, before doing their work in a supported environment.

Providing the bulk of direct instruction (when students are primarily in a passive receiver mode) at home leaves more time in class for collaborative learning activities during which the teacher becomes more of a learning guide and mentor.

Labs and group work are allowed center stage in flipped classrooms. Students have more time to collaborate through group projects and peer mentoring, and they gain more in-depth, experiential learning. This type of active engagement strengthens the students' problem solving and group communication, while increasing learning. Students also can collaborate with the teacher on assignments through questioning, conferencing, and dynamic interaction.

4 Ways to Incorporate Collaborative Learning

Teachers can incorporate collaborative learning in a flipped classroom in many ways, but they may consider the following.

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