Independent Agencies & Government Corporations

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  • 2:32 Key Independent Agencies
  • 4:21 Purposes of Government…
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Jennifer Lombardo
American government has many regulatory duties. In this lesson, you will learn how independent agencies and government corporations assist in providing services and regulations.

Independent Agencies and Government Corporations

You are not the only one who needs help managing a workload. Government also needs help managing daily tasks. This is where independent agencies and government corporations become important. Businesses interact every day with multiple independent agencies and government corporations. In this lesson, we will identify and discuss the role of various independent agencies and government corporations.

Independent agencies are created by an act of Congress and considered part of the U.S. government, but independent of the executive department. Some well-known agencies you might have heard of are FEMA (Federal Emergency Management Agency), NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) and the EPA (Environmental Protection Agency).

Government corporations are companies that exist in the private sector, but are owned by government. Examples include Sallie Mae, Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae.

The purpose of independent agencies and government corporations is to help provide services to the public, handle areas that have become too complex for government to handle and keep the government operating efficiently. Let's take a closer look at their purpose and how they affect everyday business through our technology company Pear Products.

Purposes of Independent Agencies

Independent agencies are the main source of contact that business and the public has with government. For example, many individuals have visited Social Security offices for personal business. Pear Products is affected every day by numerous independent agencies. Let's take a look at how the agencies affect companies like Pear Products and their employees.

Independent agencies have:

  • Regulatory powers that allow them to help propose and establish new regulations for the Federal Register. For example, the National Labor Relations Board, or NLRB, manages all areas of the U.S. labor laws. Pear Products recently had to recognize the formation of a union by their factory workers that was approved via a vote administered by the NLRB.
  • Special services powers that allow them to provide needed services directly to the public, such as the Social Security Administration or the United States Postal Service. Pear Products depends upon the U.S. Postal Service for delivery of their products to customers, while their employees depend upon the Social Security Administration.

Key Independent Agencies

The following are some key independent agencies and explanations of their purpose. The list of agencies is actually quite extensive and can be found here: http://www.usa.gov/directory/federal/index.shtml.

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