Indirect Tax Lesson Plan

Instructor: Kerry Gray

Kerry has been a teacher and an administrator for more than twenty years. She has a Master of Education degree.

This lesson will help your students understand indirect tax. Students will read a text lesson, participate in group activities, and prove their knowledge with a short quiz.

Learning Objectives

After this lesson, students will be able to:

  • Describe indirect taxes and criticisms of these taxes
  • Compare and contrast direct tax and indirect tax
  • Generate examples of indirect taxes


This lesson will take 45-90 minutes.

Curriculum Standards


Determine the central ideas or information of a primary or secondary source; provide an accurate summary of how key events or ideas develop over the course of the text.


Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including vocabulary describing political, social, or economic aspects of history/social science.


Integrate quantitative or technical analysis (e.g., charts, research data) with qualitative analysis in print or digital text.


  • Direct tax
  • Import duties
  • Indirect tax
  • Regressive tax


Ask students to generate a list of different types of taxes they pay. Write their answers on the board.

Read the text lesson Indirect Tax: Definition, Types & Examples as a class. Pause after the ''Definition'' section.

Ask students if there are any additional taxes they need to add to their list of taxes. Write answers on the board.

Five-minute quick write: Have students write a quick write that describes indirect taxes and their criticisms. Have students share their work with a partner and clarify meaning of indirect taxes. Give partners a chance to share their discussion with the class.

Read the remainder of the lesson.

Divide students into small groups to create a T-chart that lists examples of direct taxes and indirect taxes. Discuss student work as a class.

Use the lesson's printable worksheet to check for understanding.

Group Project

Divide the students into four groups.

Each group will create two fictional characters. One of the characters will be a single person whose income falls just below the poverty line. The other character will be an adult in an upper middle class family. For each of these characters, students will determine the following information:

  • Income
  • Federal income tax
  • Property Tax
  • Sales tax
  • State tax
  • Indirect tax
  • Federal income tax bracket

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