Indonesia Facts: Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Diane Sieverson

Diane has taught all subjects at the elementary level, was the principal of a K-8 private school and has a master's degree in Measurement and Evaluation.

Indonesia is a country on the continent of Asia. This lesson will teach you about Indonesia, where to look for it on a map, how big it is, how many islands make up this country, and some other cool facts about it.

Where is Indonesia?

Imagine sailing on the ocean. You feel like you are in the middle of nowhere, with nothing but water surrounding you. After a while, you notice little dots on the water in the distance and as you get closer, you see many islands, but they are just a small part of a much bigger country. You are looking at Indonesia!

Indonesia (pronounced in-doe-KNEE-zhuh) is a country in Asia that is made up of many islands. There are 5 big islands and 13,677 smaller islands in Indonesia. You can find part of Indonesia by looking north and west from Australia.

Map of Indonesia
Map of Indonesia

Even though Indonesia is made up of islands, if you added all its land up, California could fit inside it almost 5 times!

The capital of Indonesia is Jakarta (pronounced juh-CAR-tuh) which looks out over the Java Sea. If you want to ask directions to the beach, you might need a translator because the official language is Bahasa (pronounced buh-HAH-suh ) Indonesia. But many other languages are also spoken including English, so you might be able to find someone to talk to.

Before you go to the beach, you'll need to exchange your dollars for the rupiah (pronounced rue-PEA-uh) if you want to buy a bottle of water or sunglasses. Rupiahs are the kind of money used in Indonesia.

Living in Indonesia

Indonesia has a tropical climate and rainforests, but it also has a lot of volcanoes. There are more than 130 active volcanoes there, which is more than you'll find in the US or any other country on the planet.

The tallest volcano in Indonesia is Mount Kerinci (pronounced kuh-RIN-chee) and it is 12,467 feet high. You would have to stack the Washington Monument on top of itself more than 22 times to reach that high!

Mount Kerinci
Mount Kerinci

Indonesia also has a lot of earthquakes and is sometimes hit with tsunamis (pronounced sue-NAH-mees), which are big ocean waves that crash into the coasts and do a lot of damage.

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