Infinitive Lesson Plan

Instructor: Joanne Abramson

Joanne has taught middle school and high school science for more than ten years and has a master's degree in education.

To write in the infinitive or to not write in the infinitive… Introducing students to various types of phrases broadens their understanding of English grammar and adds variety to their writing. This lesson plan introduces the infinitive phrase through a short video, small group and whole class discussions, and a group activity.

Lesson Objectives

By the end of this lesson, students will be able to:

  • define the term 'infinitive phrase'
  • recognize infinitive phrases in sentences
  • identify whether an infinitive phrase is acting as a noun, adjective, or adverb
  • write sentences that include infinitive phrases


1 - 1.5 hours

Curriculum Standards


Use various types of phrases (noun, verb, adjectival, adverbial, participial, prepositional, absolute) and clauses (independent, dependent; noun, relative, adverbial) to convey specific meanings and add variety and interest to writing or presentations.


Initiate and participate effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grades 9-10 topics, texts, and issues, building on others' ideas and expressing their own clearly and persuasively.


  • Envelopes
  • Infinitive phrases written onto strips of card stock. There should be several examples of each part of speech; do not write the part of speech on the card stock. Some examples are:
    • 'To err is human.' (noun)
    • 'I like to listen to the sound of the rain.' (noun)
    • 'Avery's favorite way to fall asleep is by listening to calming music.' (adjective)
    • 'Michael has some clothes to wash.' (adjective)
    • 'We must add sugar and flour to make the cookies.' (adverb)
    • 'Valeria enrolled in a computer science course to learn how to program.' (adverb)
  • Lined paper
  • Pencils

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