Infinitive Verbs in Spanish

Instructor: Yolanda Reinoso Barzallo

Yolanda holds a CELTA Cambridge, a Juris Doctorate, and a Master of Public Administration. She is a published author of fiction in Spanish.

This lesson provides you with a list of Spanish verbs in the infinitive form, which means they are not conjugated. The lesson also gives you some phrases you can use along with verbs in the infinitive form in order to communicate in a practical way.

You Need Verbs for Everything

Spanish verbs in the infinitive form have one of these three endings: ar, er, ir. The infinitive form means the verb is not conjugated. So, the English equivalent is when you express verbs with 'to' in front, such as 'to write,' 'to read,' and 'to talk.' In Spanish, the majority of verbs end in 'ar' as you will see in the verb list this lesson provides.

While verb conjugation is an essential part of communicating in any language, you can also use verbs in the infinitive form. In fact, verbs are like the spine in the human body: they support the whole system. This means verbs allow you to form sentences. To use infinitive verbs as they are, you can learn the phrases this lesson includes after the verb lists. So, let's begin by learning these wonderful verbs you will need so much. Note these lists are not comprehensive, but they certainly give you the most common verbs in Spanish.

Verbs Ending in 'ar'

  • hablar (to speak, pronounced: ah-blahr)
  • escuchar (to listen, pronounced: ehs-koo-chahr)
  • conversar (to talk, pronounced: kohn-behr-sahr)
  • gritar (to yell / to scream, pronounced: gree-tahr)
  • preparar (to prepare, pronounced: preh-pah-rahr)
  • cocinar (to cook, pronounced: koh-see-nahr)
  • tomar (to take / to drink, pronounced: toh-mahr)
  • cortar (to cut, pronounced: kohr-tahr)
  • limpiar (to clean, pronounced: leem-pee-ahr)
  • lavar (to wash, pronounced: lah-bahr)
  • estudiar (to study, pronounced: ehs-too-dee-ahr)
  • enseñar (to teach, pronounced: ehn-seh-nyar)
  • nadar (to swim, pronounced: nah-dahr)
  • practicar (to practice, pronounced: prahk-tee-kar)
  • manejar (to drive, pronounced: mah-neh-har)
  • montar (to ride, pronounced: mohn-tahr)
  • llamar (to call, pronounced: yah-mahr)
  • preguntar (to ask, pronounced: preh-goon-tahr)
  • contestar (to answer, pronounced: kohn-tehs-tahr)
  • viajar (to travel, pronounced: bee-ah-har)
  • llevar (to take, pronounced: yeh-bahr)
  • llegar (to arrive, pronounced: yeh-gahr)
  • reservar (to make a reservation, pronounced: reh-sehr-bahr)
  • regresar (to return, pronounced: reh-greh-sahr)
  • comprar (to buy, pronounced: kohm-prahr)
  • pagar (to pay for, pronounced: pah-gahr)
  • necesitar (to need, pronounced: neh-seh-see-tahr)
  • amar (to love, pronounced: ah-mahr)
  • abrazar (to hug, pronounced: ah-brah-sahr)
  • besar (to kiss, pronounced: beh-sahr)
  • olvidar (to forget, pronounced: ohl-bee-dahr)
  • ayudar (to help, pronounced: ah-yoo-dahr)
  • buscar (to look for, pronounced: boos-kar)
  • encontrar (to find, pronounced: ehn-kohn-trahr)
  • bailar (to dance, pronounced: bahee-lar)
  • dibujar (to draw, pronounced: dee-boo-har)
  • pintar (to paint, pronounced: peen-tahr)
  • firmar (to sign, pronounced: feer-mahr)
  • respetar (to respect, pronounced: rehs-peh-tahr)
  • enviar (to send, pronounced: ehn-beeahr)
  • contratar (to hire, pronounced: kohn-trah-tahr)
  • trabajar (to work, pronounced: trah-bah-har)
  • renunciar (to quit, pronounced: reh-noon-seeahr)
  • regalar (to gift, pronounced: reh-gah-lahr)
  • botar (to throw, pronounced: boh-tahr)
  • votar (to vote, pronounced: voh-tahr)
  • rezar or orar (to pray, pronounced: reh-sahr / oh-rahr)
  • ganar (to win / to earn/ to gain, pronounced: gah-nahr)
  • arreglar (to fix, pronounced: ahr-reh-glahr)
  • organizar (to organize, pronounced: ohr-gah-nee-sahr)
  • intentar or tratar (to try, pronounced: een-tehn-tahr / trah-tahr)
  • fumar (to smoke, pronounced: foo-mahr)
  • mirar (to look at / to watch, pronounced: mee-rahr)
  • terminar (to finish, pronounced: tehr-meep-nahr)


Verbs Ending in 'er'

  • comer (to eat, pronounced: koh-mehr)
  • aprender (to learn, pronounced: ah-prehn-dehr)
  • leer (to read, pronounced: leh-ehr)
  • recoger (to pick up, pronounced: reh-koh-her)
  • escoger (to choose, pronounced: ehs-koh-her)
  • vender (to sell, pronounced: behn-dehr)
  • responder (to reply, pronounced: rehs-pohn-dehr)
  • prometer (to promise, pronounced: proh-meh-tehr)
  • comprender or entender (to understand, pronounced: kohm-prehn-dehr / ehn-tehn-dehr)
  • ver (to see, pronounced: behr)
  • creer (to believe, pronounced: kreh-ehr)
  • ser (to be, pronounced: sehr)
  • tener (to have, pronounced: teh-nehr)
  • poner (to put, pronounced: poh-nehr)
  • hacer (to do / to make, pronounced: ah-sehr)
  • volver (to come back, pronounced: bohl-behr)
  • conocer (to know -people, places- /to get acquainted, pronounced: koh-noh-sehr)
  • saber (to know -knowledge- pronounced: sah-behr)


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