Information Privacy: Laws & Examples

Instructor: Steven Coleman

Steven has his Bachelors in Communication and has earned his Masters in Education. He is also in the process of pursuing his Doctorate degree.

Information privacy is the protection of a customers or individuals personal information. In the lesson you will learn about information privacy, laws, examples followed by a quiz.

What Is Information Privacy

Have you ever filled out information online and before submitting it you where required to read through some information and check a box saying you read the information before you could submit it? Typically the information you were told to read over contained laws for information privacy. Information privacy is the protection of customers or individuals and their personal information.

Many companies collect employee and customer information as a part of their business procedures. The personal information collected consists of financial, family, credit, and educational information, to name a few. Due to the access of this sensitive information, the public and congress have implemented information privacy laws.

These laws that are governed by the Federal Trade Commission address the issues of information privacy. Organizations must have a purpose for the information that is collected, get rid of information that is no longer needed. Companies can't share information with third parties unless consent is given, information has to be accurate and customers must have the ability to review the information that is discovered.

Information Privacy Laws and Examples

If a company doesn't cooperate with the information privacy laws then it could lead to major legal issues. For example, if a government agency released confidential information to an unauthorized individual, then they would be in violation of the Privacy Act. The Privacy Act was passed, to protect individuals' personal information from unlawful disclosures.

The Children's Online Privacy Protection Act was passed to protect children. Organizations whose audiences are under the age of 13 and knowingly collect their personal information are required to get parental consent and display their privacy policy. For instance, if a kid makes a Facebook profile and he/she makes it clear that they are under the age of 13, Facebook is required to get parental consent and display their privacy laws before collecting any information from that child.

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