Informational Writing: Types & Samples

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  • 0:00 Definition and Examples
  • 1:27 Types of Informational Writing
  • 2:16 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Connie Warner
In this lesson, we will define informational writing, examine the purpose of this type of writing and explore the features of different kinds of informational texts.

Definition and Examples of Informational Writing

Informational writing is a type of nonfiction writing that conveys information about something, which means it is factual. Many examples of informational writing can be found in newspapers, almanacs, and reference books.

This is not to be confused with other types of nonfiction, such as process text, which is intended to explain how to do something, and not so much to give information about anything in particular. A guide that explains how to transplant a tree would be an example of a process text. On the other hand, informational writing might provide interesting facts about plants.

Another difference between informational writing and other forms of nonfiction is that it does not involve characters. Informational writing does not generally focus on a person's life in the way a biography does. Instead, it usually provides information about the natural or social world.

Informational text is often organized so the reader can easily and quickly find information. For example, it might include section headings, sub-section headings, bolded terms, glossaries, photos, illustrations, charts and/or graphs. When you read a National Geographic article about the polar ice caps melting, or scan a local news feature about the rise in unemployment rates, you're reading informational writing. The polar ice cap article might come with a series of photos and captions to accompany the text, while the unemployment piece might have bar graphs to illustrate the facts presented.

Types of Informational Writing

There are several different types of informational writing. Among them are:

The cause and effect structure, which provides reasons and explanations for why something occurred. An example might involve a factual account of how an animal came to be extinct. The text would examine possible reasons that caused the extinction, which is the effect.

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