Instructional Design Strategies

Instructor: Amanda Robb
In this lesson, we'll be learning what an instructional design strategy is and how to use it in your classroom. We'll learn the details about three common instructional designs: Understanding by Design, Bloom's taxonomy, and the ADDIE model.

What Are Instructional Design Strategies

Imagine your first year teaching. Acronyms for tests, teaching strategies, differentiated instructional methods, and English language levels flood your conversations. It's hard to keep track of it all! You also have to think about routines, classroom management, and designing your curriculum. Where to start? Today, we're going to be tackling one of these focuses in teaching, instructional design. Instructional design is the process of creating your curriculum in a purposeful way. Luckily, there are lots of scientifically researched methods of doing this, and they can apply to any content area. Here, we'll look at three commonly used methods: Understanding by Design, Bloom's taxonomy, and the ADDIE model.

Understanding by Design

As teachers, we all have goals for our students. Whether based on our own learning objectives or state and national standards, we have a vision for student success. This is where the Understanding by Design framework comes in. This strategy uses backwards planning, where you start with where you want your students to end up and then plan activities backwards to get them there. Most teachers will start with state-given standards and then create essential questions to frame the unit.

For example, a science teacher might use a standard on identifying parts of the cell. If she knows that students must be able to explain the parts of a cell, her essential question might be about connecting the structure and function of cell parts to the job of the cell as a whole. Essential questions span the entire unit and provide a lens to focus individual lessons.

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