Instructional Design & Technology Implementation

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  • 0:04 Information &…
  • 0:44 Instructional Design
  • 1:37 Types of E-Learning
  • 2:56 Technology in a Classroom
  • 3:36 The ADDIE Model
  • 4:55 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Christine Serva

Christine has an M.A. in American Studies, the study of American history/society/culture. She is an instructional designer, educator, and writer.

This lesson gives you an inside look into instructional design, the process you take - knowingly or unknowingly - when you introduce new material to your students. In particular, you'll learn processes for incorporating technology into the learning environment.

Information & Communications Technology

Guess what? This lesson is made for you. Why is that? It's all about using technology to learn. And look where you are right now: you're researching online to enhance your own knowledge. You are a perfect example of a student utilizing technology to achieve your goals.

In this lesson, we'll cover how Information and Communications Technology (ICT) plays a role in instructional design. ICT encompasses a broad range of technologies, including cell phones, tablets, and computers. In fact, the text you're reading right now wouldn't be possible without ICT.

We'll also discuss instructional design and the processes for integrating ICT into education.

Instructional Design

If you're a teacher or are planning on teaching, you probably already know a thing or two about instructional design. Instructional design is the process by which educational tools and resources are designed, developed, and implemented to help others achieve their learning outcomes.

Creating effective instruction involves understanding how people in different age groups learn and what works in instruction. For example, an instructional designer with experience teaching adult learners in a business environment may play a big role in supporting the training goals of various departments of a company.

As a classroom teacher, your work to design instruction will include an awareness of who you're teaching, what their goals are or what goals have been set by the state or school, and what's effective in helping students achieve those goals.

Let's look at how an instructional designer can incorporate Information Communications Technology (ICT) into student learning activities.

Types of E-Learning

Have you heard of e-Learning? This concept involves ICT as a conduit to communicate information, primarily through the internet. Whether you're watching an academic video on, reading a blog from your favorite chef, or following a structured course through an OpenCourseWare system portal from a major university, you have many choices to engage with e-Learning.

Synchronous learning refers to circumstances in which you are engaging with an instructor or others in real-time. For example, a classroom itself is a form of synchronous learning because those in the room are typically engaged with the content at one time. Online classes may also operate synchronously where everyone meets online at one specific time. It may help to remember this form of learning by thinking of how everyone is in sync.

Asynchronous learning, on the other hand, is generally self-paced, with students engaging with the material at different times. For example, students may post their feedback about a reading at different times of the day, with an instructor monitoring these updates and responding - not necessarily in real time. There may still be time constraints involved, such as an assignment to post within one week's time or to watch a lesson within a two-day window, for example.

Blended learning combines distance learning (which may be synchronous or asynchronous) with face-to-face interactions like in a classroom.

Technology in a Classroom

In addition to the emergence of e-learning, other technologies have found a home in the traditional classroom environment. Electronic whiteboards, computers, and tablets have become more common in schools over the years, though not every school yet has equal access to these tools. By the time you read this lesson, perhaps other technologies will be replacing those most common as of 2015.

Electronic, interactive whiteboards are just one technology that has become more common in the classroom in recent years.
A young student interacting with an electronic whiteboard.

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