Brianna has a masters of education in educational leadership, a DBA business management, and a BS in animal science.
A First Look at Movement
Many of us have moved before. Sometimes that move was as simple as moving from one bedroom to another in the same house. Other times that move was huge, like moving to another state or even another country. While there are many different reasons for moving, one major factor that causes us to move is employment. When we finish high school or college, most of us are eagerly looking for a job. Obviously we want the best job possible that pays the most money. Unfortunately, getting that job may mean moving to another area. Throughout this lesson we will follow along with Benny as he begins the search for employment and learns about the different options he has for moving to find that ideal job.
This lesson centers around two types of movement. Before we discuss how they are related to employment, let's define them. First is interregional. Interregional movement means to move from one region to another. Those who make an interregional move do not stay in the same region; their move is much bigger. If Benny found his ideal job in Germany and decided to move there from the United States, he would be making an interregional move. Intraregional movement means moving within the same region. So, if Benny lives in northern California and decides to take a job in southern California, he would be making an intraregional move.
Employment Type Causes
You may be wondering, what would make someone move? As mentioned, employment is one of the main reasons people decide to move. In this section we will look at how employment causes both types of movement.
Sometimes, certain jobs are located in specific places in the world. For example, if Benny wants to be a boat captain, he might move closer to the ocean. If Benny wants to be a hunting guide for elk, he may move to the mountains. Industry plays a large role in moving for employment.
Pay is also a large factor in intraregional moves. Some states pay higher wages for certain jobs. For example, if Benny would like to be in the oil industry, he might move to North Dakota where oil workers earn some of the highest wages in the industry.
In other parts of the world, the job market may be hurting. Countries that are stricken with poverty or conflict may not have the greatest employment opportunities. Thus, opportunity plays a large role in an interregional move for employment.
Technology is another reason. Again, some countries do not offer much access to technology. The lack of technology can cause a lack of employment. If Benny wanted to be a computer technician but lived in a country where he did not have frequent access to computers, he might consider moving to a country that utilizes computers daily, like the United States.
Effects of Employment Movement
What happens if everyone moves for their jobs? Would it affect the job market? Below you will find a list of effects of employment movement.
1. Cultural conflict. When you move to another country, you probably will be faced with cultural differences. While it would be great if everyone could get along, this is not always the case. If Benny were to move to a different country and his employer did not like Americans, he might be faced with a cultural conflict.
2. Housing surplus or shortage. Sometimes when too many people move to one area, there are not enough places to live. This causes a housing shortage. The opposite can happen if everyone moves out of one area and leaves many homes vacant. This puts strain on the housing markets, landlords, and renters.
3. Water or food shortages. While water and food shortages are generally not widespread in the United States, this is not the case in other parts of the world. If a large company built a factory in an area that had very little access to healthy clean water or food sources, too many people moving to the area for work might cause a shortage.
4. Pollution. Too many people in one area can lead to pollution. For instance, think about big cities. Many of them have an abundance of air pollution resulting from a large number of cars. Water pollution can happen too, if, for instance, many factories are set up next to each other and they handle chemicals that came into contact with water sources.
While Benny hasn't found that dream job, he knows if he decides to move to a different part of the region it is known as an intraregional move. He could also leave this region altogether and move to another one; this is known as an interregional move. He learned about what may cause someone to make an employment move, such as industry, pay, opportunity, and technology. And last, he learned about the effects his move and the moves of others can have, including cultural conflicts, housing shortages and surpluses, water and food shortages, and pollution.
To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member.
Create your account
Register to view this lesson
Unlock Your Education
See for yourself why 30 million people use Study.com
Become a Study.com member and start learning now.Become a Member
Already a member? Log InBack
Resources created by teachers for teachers
I would definitely recommend Study.com to my colleagues. It’s like a teacher waved a magic wand and did the work for me. I feel like it’s a lifeline.