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Interregional & Intraregional Shifts in Employment

Instructor: Brianna Whiting

Brianna has a masters of education in educational leadership, a DBA business management, and a BS in animal science.

Moving is part of all of our lives. Sometimes it is we who move; sometimes it is someone we know. In this lesson we will explore one of the major factors that causes many moves each year: employment. Come along as we learn about the types, causes, and effects.

A First Look at Movement

Many of us have moved before. Sometimes that move was as simple as moving from one bedroom to another in the same house. Other times that move was huge, like moving to another state or even another country. While there are many different reasons for moving, one major factor that causes us to move is employment. When we finish high school or college, most of us are eagerly looking for a job. Obviously we want the best job possible that pays the most money. Unfortunately, getting that job may mean moving to another area. Throughout this lesson we will follow along with Benny as he begins the search for employment and learns about the different options he has for moving to find that ideal job.

The Differences

This lesson centers around two types of movement. Before we discuss how they are related to employment, let's define them. First is interregional. Interregional movement means to move from one region to another. Those who make an interregional move do not stay in the same region; their move is much bigger. If Benny found his ideal job in Germany and decided to move there from the United States, he would be making an interregional move. Intraregional movement means moving within the same region. So, if Benny lives in northern California and decides to take a job in southern California, he would be making an intraregional move.

Employment Type Causes

You may be wondering, what would make someone move? As mentioned, employment is one of the main reasons people decide to move. In this section we will look at how employment causes both types of movement.


Sometimes, certain jobs are located in specific places in the world. For example, if Benny wants to be a boat captain, he might move closer to the ocean. If Benny wants to be a hunting guide for elk, he may move to the mountains. Industry plays a large role in moving for employment.

Pay is also a large factor in intraregional moves. Some states pay higher wages for certain jobs. For example, if Benny would like to be in the oil industry, he might move to North Dakota where oil workers earn some of the highest wages in the industry.


In other parts of the world, the job market may be hurting. Countries that are stricken with poverty or conflict may not have the greatest employment opportunities. Thus, opportunity plays a large role in an interregional move for employment.

Technology is another reason. Again, some countries do not offer much access to technology. The lack of technology can cause a lack of employment. If Benny wanted to be a computer technician but lived in a country where he did not have frequent access to computers, he might consider moving to a country that utilizes computers daily, like the United States.

Effects of Employment Movement

What happens if everyone moves for their jobs? Would it affect the job market? Below you will find a list of effects of employment movement.

1. Cultural conflict. When you move to another country, you probably will be faced with cultural differences. While it would be great if everyone could get along, this is not always the case. If Benny were to move to a different country and his employer did not like Americans, he might be faced with a cultural conflict.

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