Intrapersonal Intelligence: Definition & Examples

An error occurred trying to load this video.

Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support.

Coming up next: Charles Spearman: Theory of Intelligence & Overview

You're on a roll. Keep up the good work!

Take Quiz Watch Next Lesson
Your next lesson will play in 10 seconds
  • 0:02 Howard Gardner's Theory
  • 2:39 Intrapersonal Intelligence
  • 4:02 Examples
  • 4:44 Lesson Summary
Add to Add to Add to

Want to watch this again later?

Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course.

Login or Sign up

Create an account to start this course today
Try it free for 5 days!
Create An Account

Recommended Lessons and Courses for You

Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Yolanda Williams

Yolanda has taught college Psychology and Ethics, and has a doctorate of philosophy in counselor education and supervision.

What do Socrates, Friedrich Nietzsche and Descartes all have in common? They all had intrapersonal intelligence. Learn more about intrapersonal intelligence from examples and test your knowledge with a quiz.

Howard Gardner's Theory

Have you ever been told that you are very self-aware? Maybe your professors have complimented you on your ability to understand your strengths, weaknesses and limitations. Do you find yourself spending lots of time reflecting on things and tuning into your inner feelings? If so, you have demonstrated intrapersonal intelligence.

So, what do we mean by intrapersonal intelligence? Intrapersonal intelligence was first introduced by the American developmental psychologist Howard Gardner in 1983. Gardner wrote Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences, in which he proposed the idea that there are seven different kinds of intelligence. In 1999, Gardner added one more intelligence to his list, bringing the total to eight. They are:

  1. Logical/mathematical intelligence: includes logical thinking, the ability to detect patterns and mathematical abilities.
  2. Musical intelligence: includes the ability to detect and appreciate musical patterns and pitches.
  3. Linguistic intelligence: includes the ability to learn languages, use words to accomplish goals and expressive language.
  4. Visual-spatial intelligence: includes the ability to recognize patterns across spaces and use or manipulate the patterns.
  5. Body/kinesthetic intelligence: includes the ability to use the body effectively to solve problems.
  6. Interpersonal intelligence: includes the ability to understand and relate to others.
  7. Naturalistic intelligence (added in 1999): includes knowledge about your environment and an appreciation for nature.
  8. Intrapersonal intelligence: includes understanding and appreciating one's innermost feelings.

We can think of multiple intelligences as the ridges that make up a fingerprint. That is, each person has a combination of the intelligences that is unique to the individual. For example, a college basketball player may be skilled at scoring points for his team (body/kinesthetic intelligence), but have trouble keeping up in his statistics course (logical/mathematical intelligence).

What Is Intrapersonal Intelligence?

Henry David Thoreau, Socrates and Ralph Ellison are all historical figures that had high intrapersonal intelligence. In other words, they had the ability to understand themselves, appreciate their own feelings, fears and motivations. People with intrapersonal intelligence are skilled at self-reflection and know themselves very well. They are in touch with themselves, who they are, what they need and what they can accomplish.

People with intrapersonal intelligence are known to:

To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member.
Create your account

Register for a free trial

Are you a student or a teacher?
I am a teacher

Unlock Your Education

See for yourself why 30 million people use Study.com

Become a Study.com member and start learning now.
Become a Member  Back

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 95 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 2,000 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Create an account to start this course today
Try it free for 5 days!
Create An Account