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Iran Lesson for Kids: History & Facts

Instructor: Mary Beth Burns

Mary Beth has taught 1st, 4th and 5th grade and has a specialist degree in Educational Leadership. She is currently an assistant principal.

Have you ever wondered what life would be like if you lived in Iran? Come and learn interesting facts about Iran and its geography, and find a brief summary of its history.

Iran: Land of Oil, Rugs and Faith

What do oil and rugs have in common? They are all huge parts of the economy in Iran. Out of all of the oil in the entire world, 10% of it comes from Iran. It is the largest export, or item sold to other countries, in Iran. This is very important as oil is used all over the world. You wouldn't be able to start your car without oil, as it is used to make gasoline.

The second largest export is the beautiful woven rugs that Iranians have been making for more than 2,000 years. One time, they made a rug that was as big as a soccer field! Many times, Iranians will make a mistake with the rugs on purpose. This is their way of sharing their belief that no one is perfect, other than God.

A store selling rugs from Iran
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Religion is a very important piece of Iranian culture. Close to 100% of the people in Iran are of the Muslim faith. You can see Iranians practice their Muslim faith through prayer. Prayer takes place in a mosque, which is a Muslim place of worship. There are many beautiful mosques built all over Iran.

A mosque in Iran
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Geography

Did you know that more than half of Iran is either mountains or desert? In fact, almost one-fourth of the country is made up of salt deserts, which are large, flat areas covered in salts or other minerals. The large deserts do not get much rain - less than four inches of rain falls every year.

The desert and the mountains is not a place where most of the people in Iran live. Instead, around 60% of Iranians live in the cities. Iran is divided into 30 provinces, each with its own governor. The largest province is Tehran, which is also the capital of Iran. About 15 million people live in Tehran, and it has many restaurants, museums and things to do. Unfortunately, Tehran is struggling with some of the worst air pollution in the entire world, with more than 25 people dying from pollution-related effects every day.

Iran is located in a part of the world known as the Middle East, which is a region between Western Asia and Egypt. It borders many countries, including Iraq, Afghanistan and Pakistan. Iran also borders the Caspian Sea, which is the biggest inlet body of water in the world.

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