Ireland Facts: Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Jennifer Lowery

Jennifer has taught elementary levels K-3 and has master's degrees in elementary education and curriculum/instruction and educational leadership.

Ireland is a small country off the coast of Great Britain. Explore Ireland's location, history, climate, and culture, and find out why they call Ireland the Emerald Isle.

Geography and Location

Ireland is an island nation located in Europe, in the British Isles. The Irish Sea provides a boundary between Ireland and Great Britain. The country is actually split between the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland, but we'll talk more about that later.

Ireland is mostly flat land with the exception of low mountains. The main river flowing through Ireland is the Shannon River. The capital of the Republic of Ireland is Dublin, which is located on the eastern coast bordering the Irish Sea.

The island nation of Ireland is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west and the Irish Sea to the east. Note that the area at the top, which is Northern Ireland, has its own capital of Belfast.
map of ireland


Around 4 B.C., Ireland was invaded by a group of people called the Celts. This is why many Irish people and culture are called Celtic. In 1801 Ireland became a part of the United Kingdom. But not all Irish people wanted to join the United Kingdom, and eventually civil war started in the country. The six counties of Northern Ireland remained a part of the United Kingdom, but the rest of the country broke free.

Throughout the 1900s there was much violence in Ireland over the conflict of freedom. In the late 1900s and early 2000s there were attempts at peacemaking, and most of those attempts have been successful.


Due to the warm currents of the Atlantic Ocean, the temperatures in the summer are not that much different from the temperatures in winter in Ireland. Snow is very rare, but the island does experience a lot of rainfall throughout the year. The rain and the mild climate keep the landscape green year-round. This is why the island nation is often called the Emerald Isle. This climate helps the industry of farming, which is a major part of the Irish economy.

The lack of extremes in weather results in lush green landscapes in Ireland.
Landscape of Ireland

To unlock this lesson you must be a Member.
Create your account

Register to view this lesson

Are you a student or a teacher?

Unlock Your Education

See for yourself why 30 million people use

Become a member and start learning now.
Become a Member  Back
What teachers are saying about
Try it risk-free for 30 days

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Create an account to start this course today
Try it risk-free for 30 days!
Create an account