Irregular Verbs Dar & Hacer: Preterite Tense & Conjugation in Spanish

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  • 0:03 Dar and Hacer
  • 0:49 Conjugation of Dar
  • 1:15 Conjugation of Hacer
  • 2:07 Use of Dar and Hacer
  • 4:08 Practice
  • 5:25 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor
Pablo Serna

Pablo has taught college Spanish at the University of Missouri and Central Methodist University, and has a master's degree in Spanish literature.

Expert Contributor
Ana Benito Gonzalez

Ana has a PhD in Biology. She has taught college classes at leading U.S. universities, also works as a Biology tutor. She has published several scientific journals.

In this lesson, we will learn how to conjugate and use the Spanish verbs 'dar' and 'hacer' in the preterite tense. We will also practice vocabulary related to community and volunteer work.

Dar & Hacer

The verb dar in Spanish is an irregular verb that means to give. Hacer, also an irregular verb, means to do or to make. I don't think that when talking about grammar, Spanish has lots of things that are easier than English, but this one is: there is only one verb for 'to do' and 'to make.' For those that have to learn English, like me, it is a little harder because English has two separate verbs for 'to do' and 'to make.'

Dar and hacer are verbs that need to be memorized because of their irregularity, and that is why we need to put them into practice a lot. In this lesson, we will learn how to conjugate them and use them as we learn some vocabulary about the community and volunteer work.

Conjugation of Dar

Let's take a look at the conjugation of the verb dar in the preterite:

Dar
Yo di Nosotros dimos
diste Vosotros disteis
Él/ella/usted dio Ellos/ellas/ustedes dieron

Notice that dar in the preterite tense is irregular in all forms and that there are no accent marks.

Conjugation of Hacer

Let's take a look at the conjugation of the verb hacer in the preterite:

Hacer
Yo hice Nosotros hicimos
hiciste Vosotros hicisteis
Él/ella/usted hizo Ellos/ellas/ustedes hicieron

Notice that hacer in the preterite tense is irregular. There is an e > i change that happens in all forms. In the third person singular, the 'c' is changed to 'z' to preserve the sound a 'c' in Spanish makes when followed by an 'e.' Other verbs that have similar irregular conjugations are: querer (quise, quisiste, quiso, quisimos, quisisteis, quisieron, although the change is an 'r' to 's.')

Use of Dar and Hacer

Let's use the verb dar in the preterite tense:

1. Yo di todos mis envases plásticos y de vidrio a los voluntarios del reciclaje.
(I gave all the plastic and glass containers to the recycling collectors.)

2. Nos dieron tres contenedores para recoger todos los materiales reciclables.
(They gave us three containers to collect all recycling materials.)

3. A todos los barrios les dieron centros comunitarios para ayudar a los más pobres.
(To all neighborhood communities, centers were given to help the poor.)

4. Vosotros disteis las semillas (seeds) para plantarlas en el jardín.
(You gave the seeds to be planted in the garden.)

5. Tú nos diste muchas cosas para ayudar a los demás.
(You gave us lots of things to help others.)

Now let's take a look at hacer in the preterite tense:

1. ?Qué hiciste para tener tantos voluntarios?
(What did you do to have so many volunteers?)

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Additional Activities

Let's Practice using Irregular Verbs Dar and Hacer:

For this activity you will have to translate the following sentences to Spanish paying attention to use the right conjugation of either dar or hacer in the preterite tense.

  1. Yesterday, she gave me a present for my birthday.
  2. Last week, I didn't do my homework because I was sick all week.
  3. My best friend gave them a very beautiful bouquet of flowers last night.
  4. Last summer my brother and I made (hacer) many sandcastles at the beach.
  5. Did you guys give me this sweater yesterday?
  6. They did their laundry and then they did their homework.
  7. What did you guys do last night at home?
  8. The hospital gave presents to the children on Christmas day.

Answers:

  1. Ayer ella me dio un regalo por mi cumpleaños.
  2. La semana pasada, no hice mis deberes (mi tarea) porque estuve enfermo toda la semana.
  3. Mi mejor amigo les dio un ramo de flores precioso anoche.
  4. El verano pasado mi hermano y yo hicimos muchos castillos de arena en la playa.
  5. Me disteis este jersey ayer?
  6. Ellos hicieron su colada y despúes hicieron sus deberes (su tarea).
  7. Que hicisteis anoche en casa?
  8. El hospital dio regalos a los niños el día de Navidad.

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