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Islam Facts: Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Jennifer Lowery

Jennifer has taught elementary levels K-3 and has master's degrees in elementary education and curriculum/instruction and educational leadership.

Islam is one of the major religions practiced around the world. In this lesson, learn about the beliefs and practices of those who believe in the religion of Islam.

What is Islam?

There are many religions practiced all over the world, and the second most popular is Islam. Islam is a religion that believes in one god called Allah. People who practice Islam are called Muslims, and there are nearly one billion Muslims on the planet! Islam began thousands of years ago, and now people have many unique traditions to honor their Muslim faith.

The word 'Islam' means submission, which means to be obedient and follow another person's commands. Muslims practice obedience to God, and their obedience is shown through daily practices and traditions.

A Prophet named Muhammad

Thousands of years ago, a man named Muhammad was born in the city of Mecca in Saudi Arabia. Muslims believe he was a prophet, and that God was revealed to him.

During Muhammad's life, Allah gave him information that was written by people called scribes. These writings created what is called the Quran, which is the holy book of Islam. The Quran (sometimes spelled Koran) is extremely important to Muslims, and many memorize the whole book!

One of the most important parts of Islam is the holy text of the Quran.
Koran holy book

Muhammad had many followers, but he also had some people who disagreed with his beliefs. In fact, many people wanted him killed!

Five Pillars

There are five key beliefs, or pillars of Islam. Each pillar has a special name in the Arabic language.

Shahadah is the first pillar. This is the belief that Allah is the one true god and that Muhammad was his prophet. Because this is the most important pillar, Muslims are required to say their belief in Allah and Muhammad out loud.

Hajj is another pillar of Islam. This pillar means says that a Muslim should travel to the holy city of Mecca at least once in their lifetime. This trip is called a pilgrimage.

If one is able, a Muslim is supposed to travel to Mecca once in their lifetime.
Mecca holy pilgrimage

Salah is the pillar of prayer, and Muslims must pray five times daily. Prayers can be done anywhere, but most Muslims practice their prayers in a holy building called a mosque. Before praying, a Muslim must wash in a ritual cleaning. During prayer, Muslims bow and face the direction of the holy city of Mecca. Children are encouraged to begin practicing the pillar of prayer at an early age.

Muslims face the direction of Mecca when bowing for prayer.
Islamic prayer

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