Italy Facts: Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Jennifer Lowery

Jennifer has taught elementary levels K-3 and has master's degrees in elementary education and curriculum/instruction and educational leadership.

Travel to Italy and go beyond pizza and pasta! In this lesson, learn about the history of this European country. Explore the geography, attractions, and culture of this famous peninsula!

The Boot Country in Europe

Let's travel to the country in Europe that is shaped like a boot! Italy is a peninsula, which means it is surrounded by water on three sides. Italy is famous for its beautiful country sides, delicious food, and historical attractions.

Italy is highlighted in red. You can see why it is often called a boot!
Italy highlighted in red

Historical Highlights

Famous artists and explorers emerged from Italy during the Renaissance period. Italy can boast being the home to Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, and Christopher Columbus! Italy has experienced revolutionary war and political controversy during its history, and it was a country involved in both World War I and World War II. After World War II, Italy's economy was devastated and the country experienced a civil war. Now, Italy is a democratic nation with a strong economy.

Geography and Climate

Since Italy is a peninsula, it has a large coastline. There are two islands, Sicily and Sardinia, that are also a part of the country. Even though much of the country is coastal, there are alpine mountains and active volcanoes in Italy. Two famous volcanoes are Mount Etna and Mount Vesuvius. Just like the geography, Italy's climate is diverse as well. The mountain regions experience cold, snowy winters, while the southern coastal areas along the Mediterranean Sea experience warmer, humid weather.

Cinque Terre is an Italian national park on the western Mediterranean coast.
Italian coastline

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