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Julius Caesar Lesson for Kids: Facts & Biography

Instructor: Susan Mendes

Susan has taught students in Kindergarten through eighth grade and has a master's degree in educational leadership.

This lesson will explore Julius Caesar, a famous political figure during the rise of the Roman Republic. Learn about his early life, his rise to dictatorship, and how he continues to impact the world today.

Who is Julius Caesar?

Imagine a fortune teller shouting and warning you to be extremely careful on March 15th, because something bad will happen to you. Would you listen? This was the supposed warning Julius Caesar ignored from a fortune teller, and it eventually led to his murder! The phrase, 'Beware of the Ides of March!' is now associated with Julius Caesar, one of the most famous rulers to have ever existed.

Young Life and Rise to General

Gaius Julius Caesar was born in the small town of Subura, Rome in July 100 BC. At the age of 16, Julius Caesar's father passed away. He decided to join the military at the age of 19.

Julius Caesar became very popular and was recognized as a hero from his time serving in the military. He began working closely with a man named Pompey, a military general, as well as Crassus, a Roman politician. This helped Julius Caesar rise as an important Roman figure. In 59 BC, he was elected to consul for one year, the highest political position in the Roman Republic.

Roman Civil War

As consul, Caesar continued to rise to high levels of popularity among the people. He was an impressive orator, meaning he gave passionate and enthusiastic speeches to the public. This made Pompey and the other government officials extremely jealous of his power and popularity. When Caesar wanted to run for consul again, the aristocrats, the people serving as politicians and in the senate, did not want to see Caesar as a member of consul again. They began to accuse Caesar of being a betrayer and deceiver. Caesar's military chased Pompey and the aristocrats out of Rome, and Pompey was killed in Egypt.

Statue of Caesar
Statue of Caesar

Caesar's Dictatorship

After the Roman civil war came to an end, Julius Caesar was declared the ruler of Rome. Under Caesar's rule, Rome was completely transformed. He paid off all of Rome's debt, brought new buildings and architecture around different Roman cities, and created the Julian calendar, which included 365 days and a leap year. Caesar also decided to fill the Senate, the part of government that wrote and passed laws, with his friends and supporters. Caesar became very popular with the people of Rome, especially the poor and middle class.

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