Julius Caesar's Achievements

Julius Caesar's Achievements
Coming up next: Julius Caesar's Accomplishments as a Statesman

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  • 0:02 The Declining Republic
  • 0:34 Political Career
  • 1:39 Expanding & Reforming…
  • 2:35 The Senate
  • 3:13 Julian Calendar
  • 4:41 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Christina Boggs

Chrissy has taught secondary English and history and writes online curriculum. She has an M.S.Ed. in Social Studies Education.

You probably know Caesar as an awesome general and a dictator of Rome, but what else did he accomplish? In this lesson, you will learn about one of Rome's greatest leaders and a few of his many achievements.

The Declining Republic

Julius Caesar burst onto the scene at an interesting time in Roman history. The Republic was a hotbed for conflict. The rich were getting richer, and the poor were getting poorer. In order to expand the Republic, Romans were in a perpetual state of war. Armies did not fight for their country, but for the wealth and status that their general could give them. In the midst of the turmoil and confusion, Caesar capitalized on the Republic's decline and left a lasting mark on history with his lifetime of achievements.

Political Career

Julius Caesar was born into a patrician family, or one of the elite families in Rome. His family's social status, however, did not translate to massive amounts of wealth. The popular saying, 'money talks,' was true during the Roman Republic. Caesar's family did not have a lot of money, so gaining political office and exerting influence was one of his early challenges. However, Caesar managed to climb the political ladder in Rome, achieving the positions of:

  • Quaestor, kind of like an Ancient Roman accountant in 68 B.C.
  • Curule aedile, responsible for maintaining the city and keeping the people entertained in 65 B.C.
  • Pontifex maximus, chief priest of Rome in 65 B.C.
  • Praetor, dual role as military leader and judge in 62 B.C.
  • Consul, one of two leaders of Rome who worked together like co-presidents in 59 B.C.
  • And then, finally, Dictator for Life, which is exactly what it sounds like! He was dictator for life in 44 B.C.

Expanding and Reforming the Republic

Caesar is one of the most highly accomplished generals in the history of the world. He lost his fair share of battles, he was kicked around a bit, but he never lost a single war. And he fought a lot of wars. From 58 to 51 B.C., Caesar was the governor of a region called Gaul. You know it today as France. Gaul was filled with barbaric tribes who posed a threat to Roman security. After seven years of conflict, Caesar conquered Gaul and expanded the Roman Republic all the way up into present-day Belgium.

Throughout the years, Caesar continued to push Roman influence through the Mediterranean into Europe. Before Caesar, Rome controlled a number of provinces, but the conquered people who lived there were not considered Roman citizens. To solidify Roman rule, Caesar expanded Roman citizenship and actively worked to settle new territories around the Republic.

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