Jupiter Lesson for Kids Facts & Information

Instructor: Lisa Hanson

Lisa is a Continuous Improvement Coach for her school district and has taught in elementary school for many years. She has a master's degree in curriculum and instruction.

Jupiter is the largest planet in our solar system. There are so many things about this giant that we want to know more about. This lesson will give you information about the planet with the big red spot. Jump aboard for an amazing journey to Jupiter!

Jupiter, the Largest Planet

We have all wanted to jump on a spaceship and explore outer space. Visiting and learning more about the planets would be on the top of the list. Jupiter is the 5th planet from the sun in our solar system. It is the first of the gas planets, which is located after Mars and the asteroid belt. It is about 484 million miles from the sun and around 370 million miles from Earth.

Jupiter is the 5th planet in our solar system.
Solar system

Size, Revolution, and Rotation

This picture shows the size of Jupiter in relation to the Earth.
Earth and Jupiter

Jupiter is a gigantic planet! Its diameter is about 88,700 miles across. That is so big that over 1,000 Earths could fit inside of it! It takes the Earth 365 days, or one year to travel around the sun. This is known as the Earth's revolution. Jupiter's revolution takes a lot longer. It takes around 11 Earth years for Jupiter to go around the sun one time. The Earth's day is 24 hours long. This is how long it takes to spin or, revolve, around itself one time. Jupiter spins a lot faster. Its day is only about 10 hours long.

History and Discovery

Galileo was the first astronomer to observe Jupiter and its moons in the year 1610. Jupiter was named after the king of the ancient Roman gods. In 1664, Robert Hooke was able to first see Jupiter's red spot. Since then, there have been missions sent out to learn more about Jupiter. In 1973, Pioneer 10 was the first space craft to fly past Jupiter. Voyager 1 was able to take photos of Jupiter's three rings in 1979. On August 5th, 2011, NASA launched Juno, an unmanned spacecraft to take pictures of Jupiter. It is scheduled to reach Jupiter in 2016.

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