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King Tutankhamun Lesson for Kids: History & Facts

Instructor: Nola Bridgens

Nola has taught elementary school and tutored for four years. She has a bachelor's degree in Elementary Education, a master's degree in Marketing, and is a certified teacher.

Can you imagine ruling an entire country at the age of nine? Well, King Tut did! This lesson will teach you about the life and discovery of the tomb of King Tutankhamun, the famous Pharaoh from ancient Egypt.

King Tut

Did you know that when they found King Tut's tomb it was full of everything he owned, including gold and jewels? King Tutankhamun (King Tut) was born a prince, the son of Pharaoh Akhenaten, around 1341 B.C.E as part of the 18th Egyptian dynasty. (A dynasty is a group of people from one family that are rulers of a country.) He was given the name Tutankhaten, but changed his name to Tutankhamun after his father's death because he didn't like the way his father ruled Egypt. Pharaoh Akhenaten, King Tut's dad, tried to change the religion and traditions that had existed in Egyptian culture for centuries and his people didn't react well to that.

Boy Becomes Ruler

Pharaoh Akhenaten died after reigning over Egypt for seventeen years, and King Tut was only nine years old when he took his father's place. Can you imagine how nervous you would be to be in charge of an entire country at the age of nine? Because he was so young when he took the throne, King Tut was most likely advised by Egyptian elders. During his short rein, King Tut tried to restore political and religious order for Egypt.

Untimely Death

King Tut died at the young age of 19 of unknown causes. Unfortunately, he and his wife never had surviving children, which meant that King Tut's death brought more uproar to Egypt because they had to search to find a new ruler. King Tut marked the end of his family's dynasty and was buried in a tomb in the Valley of the Kings.

The ancient Egyptians believed that they should be buried with everything they would need in the afterlife. That's a lot of stuff when we're talking about a king! They built huge tombs full of all of the possessions of the dead. King Tut's tomb was no different. It had four rooms full of thousands of objects that King Tut might have needed in the afterlife.

Incredible Discovery

King Tut's burial tomb was discovered in 1922 by British archaeologist Howard Carter, who had been digging in the area for decades. An archaeologist is someone who studies human history, usually by exploring remains. There were so many things in the tomb that it took Carter and his team seventeen years to go through it all. They found gold and jewels and all kinds of artifacts that helped them understand a little more about how ancient Egyptians lived.

One of the most famous artifacts is King Tut's sarcophagus, which is the burial box for a mummy. Three sarcophaguses were found inside one another. The third one was made of gold and is the famous image we know of King Tut today.

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