Kingdom Plantae: Facts, Characteristics & Examples

An error occurred trying to load this video.

Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support.

Coming up next: Phylum: Characteristics & Classification

You're on a roll. Keep up the good work!

Take Quiz Watch Next Lesson
Your next lesson will play in 10 seconds
  • 0:02 Kingdom Plantae
  • 0:37 Six Kingdoms
  • 1:23 Characteristics
  • 2:42 Facts & Examples
  • 4:35 Lesson Summary
Save Save Save

Want to watch this again later?

Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course.

Log in or Sign up

Speed Speed

Recommended Lessons and Courses for You

Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Julie Zundel

Julie has taught high school Zoology, Biology, Physical Science and Chem Tech. She has a Bachelor of Science in Biology and a Master of Education.

Chances are, you can thank a plant for your clothes, your food, and even your house. This lesson will explore the kingdom plantae including characteristics plants share as well as some facts and examples of organisms within this kingdom.

Definition of Kingdom Plantae

There are creatures living among us that use air and water to make sugar! Sounds magical, doesn't it? You probably take them for granted, but you shouldn't. They make the air you breathe, the food you eat, the fiber for your clothes, dyes for fabrics, the building materials for your house and the legs for your table. I could keep going but you get the idea. Kingdom plantae is one of six kingdoms of organisms, and it includes every plant you could imagine from the moss growing on the forest floor to the mighty, towering fir trees.

The Six Kingdoms

Taxonomists, or scientists who classify organisms, continually modify and adjust the classification system as new species are discovered. Here is a list of the five other kingdoms with one example organism, just so you can get an idea how plants compare.

  • Animalia: this is you and me and all other animals
  • Protista: this is the paramecium you might find in pond water
  • Fungi: the mushrooms on your pizza
  • Eubacteria: these are the bacteria growing on your skin
  • Archaebacteria: these are the bacteria living in extreme conditions, like the salty Great Salt Lake in Utah

Characteristics of the Kingdom Plantae

What makes plants unique from the other kingdoms, and how can moss and a fir tree be in the same kingdom? Kingdoms are grouped based on shared characteristics, and plants have quite a few.

Plants are autotrophs, meaning they can make their own food. Animals, in contrast, are heterotrophs, so they must consume other organisms for food. Plants make their own food through a process called photosynthesis where the plant takes carbon dioxide gas, water and light and transforms these three ingredients into sugar and oxygen.

The process of photosynthesis

Remember, carbon dioxide from the air and water from the roots and energy from the sun combine to make oxygen and sugar.

Most plants are multicellular, meaning they are made up of more than one cell. Simple organisms, like bacteria, are unicellular meaning their whole body consists of just one cell. Plants are eukaryotes, which means their cells are more complex than those of prokaryotes (bacteria). Plants have cell walls, which is an additional structure that makes the cells more rigid. Plants are sessile, which means they can't move around.

To unlock this lesson you must be a Member.
Create your account

Register to view this lesson

Are you a student or a teacher?

Unlock Your Education

See for yourself why 30 million people use

Become a member and start learning now.
Become a Member  Back
What teachers are saying about
Try it risk-free for 30 days

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Create an account to start this course today
Try it risk-free for 30 days!
Create an account