Kurt Lewin's Force-Field Analysis Change Model

An error occurred trying to load this video.

Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support.

Coming up next: Kotter's 8-Step Change Model of Management

You're on a roll. Keep up the good work!

Take Quiz Watch Next Lesson
Your next lesson will play in 10 seconds
  • 0:06 Force-Field Analysis…
  • 2:46 How to Conduct a…
  • 4:38 In a Nutshell
Save Save Save

Want to watch this again later?

Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course.

Log in or Sign up

Speed Speed

Recommended Lessons and Courses for You

Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Kat Kadian-Baumeyer

Kat has a Master of Science in Organizational Leadership and Management and teaches Business courses.

Kurt Lewin's force field analysis change model was designed to weigh the driving and restraining forces that affect change in organizations. The 'force field' can be described as two opposite forces working for and against change. In this lesson, we'll learn how to analyze the force field.

Force Field Analysis Change Model

Have you ever had that conversation with colleagues about where to dine for lunch? You and a few others want to try the new Thai place, but your coworker Jeanie and a few others want to go to the same old sandwich shop you've been going to for years. Well, Kurt Lewin's force field analysis change model describes a similar situation. The force field analysis is a method to:

  • Investigate the balance of power
  • Identify the key players involved in decision-making
  • Identify who is for and who is against change
  • Identify ways to influence those against change

In an organization, change is a bit more complicated, but just like deciding where to go for lunch, there are driving and resisting forces at work. Driving forces are those seeking change. Resisting (restraining) forces are those seeking to maintain the status quo. The goal for the driving force is to gain equilibrium, or a balance of power. Resisting forces control the status quo, while driving forces seek change.

Management at Bergman's Innovative Marketing, Inc. faced a dilemma. They needed to change their marketing systems or risk losing their competitive edge. This meant that all marketing executives had to learn a new computer system and become certified to work on their accounts. The additional training and certification meant spending Saturdays in a classroom and studying in the evenings to prepare for the test.

Management (driving forces) was gung-ho about the new systems, but marketing executives (resistant forces) were miserable. They resisted putting in the extra time to train, and that manifested into resistance to change anything about their jobs. Management, on the other hand, clearly explained the reason for change. Change meant being competitive with other marketing firms. Without change, the organizational objective of profitability would not be met, and executives may lose their jobs. Management made a good point: without change, jobs may be cut.

Simply put, if driving forces exceed that of restraining forces, they will exact change. This will create equilibrium, or a balance of power. Forces, whether driving or resisting, are a mix of:

  • People
  • Habits
  • Customs
  • Attitudes

We learned how people affect change. Habits, customs and attitudes affect change as well. The marketing executives at Bergman's were used to a fairly relaxed environment. Most have been with the company for several years and consider themselves pretty secure in their positions. Since they are a tightly knit group of executives, they have habits, customs and attitudes that contribute to their arrogance. They want to maintain the status quo. Management feels differently. Change means more profitability, and that is written into Bergman's corporate objectives. But just how will management convince this resistant group of marketing execs to go with the change?

How to Conduct a Force Field Analysis

The force field analysis involves:

Stating the problem involves determining the current situation in terms of the conflict at hand. This may also involve determining the desired state. Other things to consider are where the current situation will go if no action is taken. This is easy to explain. Bergman's lacked systems to remain competitive. Marketing execs must endure extensive training and certification to continue working on their accounts. If no action is taken - well, no systems training and certification - there will be no jobs.

To unlock this lesson you must be a Member.
Create your account

Register to view this lesson

Are you a student or a teacher?

Unlock Your Education

See for yourself why 30 million people use

Become a member and start learning now.
Become a Member  Back
What teachers are saying about
Try it risk-free for 30 days

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Create an account to start this course today
Try it risk-free for 30 days!
Create an account