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Land Biomes: Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Alexandra Owens

Alexandra has taught middle school science and has a master's degree in Math and Science Education.

Come on an adventure to learn about Earth's land biomes! This lesson will tell you what land biomes are and include a description of each biome's climate, plants and animals.

What is a Land Biome?

Are you ready to take an adventure with me all around the world? I want to show you each of Earth's land biomes! A land biome is a large area of land that has the same type of climate, plants and animals. By climate, I mean the average temperature and precipitation, such as rain. Pack your bags and let's go!

Earth's Land Biomes

Earth has many land biomes. They vary based on their location on the planet. This includes how close they are to the equator or poles as well as how close they are to the ocean. Some land biomes are very cold, while others are steaming hot! Let's make our way through each land biome starting at the North Pole.

Tundra

Brr! You better put on your jacket for the tundra. With temperatures reaching more than -50°F at times, this is the coldest land biome. We won't find very many plants here because of this cold, but look over there! I think I see a polar bear and a walrus! We better go before they see us.

The tundra is very cold and icy most of the year. It is home to few animals, including these polar bears.
polar bear

Taiga

We have moved farther south, but it is still pretty cold. The taiga is the largest land biome on Earth. If you look around, you will see a forest full of evergreen trees. Instead of leaves, evergreen trees have needles. Animals we can find here include lynx, wolves, moose, bears and elk. Notice that all of these animals have pretty thick fur to keep warm, but we sure don't!

Temperate Forest

Follow me into the temperate forest. It is finally a bit warmer here, especially since we arrived in the spring. Temperate forests have four seasons and mild temperatures, which is where the name temperate comes from. The trees here can have leaves or needles. What animals can you spot? I'm sure you can find quite a lot, including squirrels, deer, rabbits, fox and birds.

Grassland

Yikes! Watch out for that stampede! In the grassland, we will find groups of large mammals, such as elephants, antelope and zebras. They feed on grass, which is the main plant found here. There are two seasons in the grassland: rainy and dry. I'm glad we didn't arrive in the rainy season, because I forgot my umbrella!

Grasslands are wide open areas of land filled with grasses and the mammals that like to eat them!
grassland

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