In this lesson you will learn about leadership qualities that former South African President Nelson Mandela used to help unite a country that was divided by race. Let's explore the qualities that made him a great leader in South Africa and throughout the world.
Leadership Qualities of Nelson Mandela
Nelson Mandela was born Rolihlahla Mandela and he was the son of a tribal counselor to the chiefs. After the death of his father, he was sent to live with Chief Jongintaba Dalindyebo and his family. There, Mandela was raised as if he was the chief's own son and was provided the opportunity to an education. In school, Rolihlahla's first name was changed to Nelson.
Throughout his journey in life, Nelson became a focused activist for the people fighting against inequality, oppression, and apartheid, the separation of races. During the age of apartheid in South Africa, blacks faced oppression, which Mandela experienced when he moved to Johannesburg. Mandela's passion to see equality persuaded him to join in the fight to end apartheid and he joined the African National Congress. Mandela's voice against apartheid became so powerful and his influence so strong, that he was stifled by the government and was ordered to no longer speak to groups of individuals.
Refusing to give up on his integrity and beliefs in non-violence, Mandela was imprisoned and was sentenced to life in prison. His leadership power, however, still held strong with protesters and the people in South Africa. As protesting against apartheid in South Africa grew stronger on a national level, the demand for Mandela's release also grew and on February 11, 1990 Mandela was released from prison by President F.W. de Klerk who was also an advocate to end apartheid. Mandela was still persistent in his passion to see a free South African society and to end all forms of apartheid, as well as de Klerk, so they became partners in their pursuit for equality. In 1993, both Mandela and de Klerk received the Nobel Peace Prize for establishing an anti-apartheid South Africa and a year later South Africa held its first election that included all races. In the election of April 1994, Nelson Mandela was elected South Africa's first black president. His focus was backed up by many other leadership qualities that enabled Mandela to lead in the fight against apartheid in South Africa and to become successful.
Let's take a look at these leadership qualities and how they played a role in Mandela's political achievements in South Africa.
Nelson Mandela had extreme focus on equality and the fight against all types of oppression. His focus and passion did not just begin when he encountered the extreme situations relating from apartheid when he moved to Johannesburg. Mandela began his focus early in his years as a student and when he was president of the Student Representative Council. It was there Mandela began to realize how important equality and fair treatment was to all individuals.
During Mandela's term as president of the Student Representative Council (SRC), he was faced with a difficult challenge in that the SRC was not holding enough power within the university. Mandela was faced with a decision to join the protesters or work under the leadership of the university. Mandela decided to join in the protest and resigned from his position as president of the SRC. He proved his allegiance to the cause against oppression and in later years his allegiance grew and never wavered. After winning the ultimate fight against apartheid, Mandela was elected as president.
Mandela's passion for equality was so strong that he never wavered, even when it caused him great hardship. Mandela did not lose passion and focus when he was expelled from school after not siding against the student protests. Mandela did not lose passion when he was imprisoned for 27 years. He continued the fight for equality and against apartheid.
Mandela showed persistence in everything he believed. Mandela was told by his adopted father that he would need to return to school after being expelled. Mandela refused. Mandela was told he had to take place in an arranged marriage to align himself for a high position in his tribe. Mandela refused. Mandela was imprisoned for 27 years for fighting against apartheid. Mandela did not give up. Even during his imprisonment, he still fought for equality. He led a movement against inhumane treatment at the prison on Robben Island where he served the majority of his sentence. His persistence, in his early years as a civil rights leader and during his imprisonment, helped others to carry out his vision even when he was unable to actively protest on the outside.
Leadership qualities are essential in being a successful leader. Nelson Mandela proved to be a successful leader by fighting hard for what he believed was right. His leadership qualities were so strong that he inspired others directly and indirectly to continue the fight for equality, even when he was not present to assist in the protests. Mandela lost many battles but his persistence, focus, passion, and integrity helped him to win the overall fight and ultimately end apartheid in South Africa. In 1990, Mandela was released from prison by President F.W. de Klerk after having been imprisoned for more than 20 years. And in 1993, Mandela and President F.W. de Klerk received the Nobel Peace Prize for establishing an anti-apartheid South Africa. In the election of April 1994, Nelson Mandela was elected South Africa's first black president.