Copyright

League of Arab States: History & Purpose

An error occurred trying to load this video.

Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support.

Coming up next: Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC): History & Purpose

You're on a roll. Keep up the good work!

Take Quiz Watch Next Lesson
 Replay
Your next lesson will play in 10 seconds
  • 0:02 The Arab League - Purpose
  • 2:10 History & Membership
  • 3:44 Lesson Summary
Add to Add to Add to

Want to watch this again later?

Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course.

Login or Sign up

Timeline
Autoplay
Autoplay

Recommended Lessons and Courses for You

Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Shawn Grimsley
One of the most turbulent areas of the world today is the Middle East. In this lesson, you'll learn about the League of Arab States, including its history and role in the Middle East. A short quiz follows.

The Arab League - Purpose

Common sense tells us that groups are usually more effective than individuals acting alone. The same can sometimes hold true for states. The League of Arab States is an attempt by its members to be a more effective player on the world stage. But as you'll see after reviewing its purpose and history, its success is mixed at best.

The League of Arab States is an intergovernmental organization consisting of Arab states in Northern and Northeast Africa and Southwest Asia. It's often informally referred to as the Arab League. It was formed to provide a forum for its members to coordinate on issues of:

  • Education
  • Trade
  • Finance
  • Law
  • Foreign policy

The Arab League also provides a forum for members to resolve disputes between them. Members have also agreed to coordinate in military matters. In fact, a pact in 1950 was executed, whereby members agreed to treat any act of aggression against one member as an act of aggression against all members. It should be noted that the League's Charter does not provide a means to compel its members to comply with League resolutions.

Critics have argued that the Arab League has not been very successful in presenting a unified front during important crises. For example, the League could not present a unified policy regarding the 1991 Gulf War and the 2003 Iraq War. On the other hand, the league did reach a consensus on the 2002 Arab Peace Initiative that agreed to recognize Israel if Israel withdrew from the West Bank and Golan Heights, which Israel has occupied since the 1967 Six-Day War. Likewise, it suspended Syrian membership due to the violence and human rights violations in Syria, which culminated into a civil war. The League has also called for Assad, the leader of Syria, to resign and asked the UN Security Council to adopt a resolution to support the League's demand.

History & Membership

The Arab League was formed in 1945. The founding member states included Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Saudi Arabia, and Yemen. According to its charter, any independent Arab state has a right to join. Membership has risen to 22 states, including Palestine, consisting of about 270 million people, covering about 5.4 square miles of land. Its headquarters are in Cairo, Egypt.

To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member.
Create your account

Register for a free trial

Are you a student or a teacher?

Unlock Your Education

See for yourself why 30 million people use Study.com

Become a Study.com member and start learning now.
Become a Member  Back
What teachers are saying about Study.com
Free 5-day trial

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 160 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Create an account to start this course today
Try it free for 5 days!
Create An Account
Support