Little Blue Penguin Facts: Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Diane Sieverson

Diane has taught all subjects at the elementary level, was the principal of a K-8 private school and has a master's degree in Measurement and Evaluation.

There are many different kinds of penguins, but not all of them are black and white. This lesson will teach you interesting facts about the little blue penguin, including what they eat, where to find them and how they live.

What Are Little Blue Penguins?

Imagine traveling to a place where you can see penguins in the wild. You probably think of black and white birds that look like they are wearing fancy party clothes. You may even picture yourself wearing a heavy jacket to stay warm while they play and slide on the ice, landing in the freezing water below. But not all penguins live in cold climates and are black and white. You can watch the little blue penguin in your shorts and flip-flops, depending on the time of year!

The little blue penguin is a flightless water bird known for its blue feathers and small size. In fact, little blue penguins are the smallest kind of penguin in the world.

Little blue penguin
Little blue penguin

They can be as tall as 15 inches and weigh as much as three pounds. That's less than half the weight of a gallon of milk.

Although their color is pretty, the little blue penguins' coloring has a purpose. It helps keep them from becoming another animal's snack. The darker blue feathers face toward the surface of the water when they swim, helping them to blend in. But the water appears light to animals looking up toward the surface of the water, so the little blue penguin's light-colored tummy makes it harder to see from below.

Little blue penguins are also sometimes called fairy penguins, but despite their tiny size, they are really loud and have different calls, which is how they talk to each other.

Where Do Little Blue Penguins Live?

In the wild, little blue penguins live in parts of New Zealand and Australia. They like cool water and they hang out on coasts that are rocky as well as on dunes, farms, islands and forests near the coast. They can also be found in and around cities where people live.

Little blue penguins are timid and will scurry under anything for cover when they come back from looking for a meal. They will also hang out in burrows, holes or under buildings to rest.

Little blue penguin burrow
Little blue penguin burrow

They are nocturnal, or more active at night, and come back to shore in the evening. They also lay eggs on land.

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