# Logic Problems: Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Mary Beth Burns

Mary Beth has taught 1st, 4th and 5th grade and has a specialist degree in Educational Leadership. She is currently an assistant principal.

Do you enjoy riddles and puzzles? Well, logic problems might just be right up your alley! Come and learn what a logic problem is, general solving tips and let's walk through some examples together.

## What are Logic Problems?

It is common knowledge that exercise is good for our bodies. People exercise their heart by running or swimming. They exercise their muscles by lifting weights or playing sports. But, have you ever heard of someone exercising their brains? Well, they do! One way to do this is by solving logic problems. Logic problems are puzzles which require people to use deductive reasoning skills, meaning they need to look at different pieces of information in order to arrive at an answer. Logic problems are not like regular math problems. In fact, many types of logic problems contain all of the answers, you just have to figure them out.

## Logic Problem Tips

There are many different types of logic problems with some being more challenging than others. Regardless of what type of logic problem it is, here are some general tips on how to successfully solve one:

• Use a pencil instead of a pen. Many times, it takes several tries to get to the correct answer. This will allow you to erase and start over as needed.

• Make sure you read the entire problem multiple times and write down all of the things that you know are true. Search for clues that might be hidden and make sure you understand the problem. If you get stuck in the middle of the problem, go back and re-read. Something that didn't seem helpful before, might make more sense in the middle of the problem.

• Sometimes, drawing the problem out, creating a grid, or using real-life objects helps the problem make more sense.

• Don't get impatient. Logic problems can take a while to solve, reading and re-reading to figure out the clues. It isn't about getting to the correct answer right away, it is about the critical thinking skills you will develop. Look at it as a fun challenge for your brain!

## Let's Try Some Together

#### Simple Brain Teaser

Becky's mom has four children. The first child is called April. The second May. The third June. What is the name of the fourth child?

• We know that there are four children and we know three of their names.

1. April

2. May

3. June

4. ?

• If you are thinking that the fourth child's name is July, you're incorrect. Remember - logic problems are challenging, but the answers are in the problem - you just have to find them.

• Re-read the problem - the important clue is in the first two words of the first sentence: Becky's mom.

• If it is Becky's mom, then Becky is the fourth child!

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