Logical Mathematical Intelligence: Definition & Examples

Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Yolanda Williams

Yolanda has taught college Psychology and Ethics, and has a doctorate of philosophy in counselor education and supervision.

Logical/mathematical intelligence, one of Howard Gardner's eight types of intelligences in his Theory of Multiple Intelligences, is the ability to use logic and reason. Learn about the eight types of intelligence and explore the definition and characteristics of logical/mathematical intelligence, as well as examples of individuals who have this type of intelligence. Updated: 09/09/2021

Puzzles and Numbers

Have you ever been told that you are a very logical person? Maybe you enjoy completing puzzles and solving complex algorithms. Are you good with numbers and mathematical equations? If so, you have demonstrated logical/mathematical intelligence.

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  • 0:01 Puzzles & Numbers
  • 0:17 Theory of Multiple…
  • 1:55 Logical/Mathematical…
  • 2:46 Examples
  • 3:33 Lesson Summary
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Howard Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligences

Traditionally, intelligence has been thought of as a single trait. The idea of multiple intelligences was introduced in 1983 by Howard Gardner, an American developmental psychologist. Gardner proposed that there are eight types of intelligences, each one being independent of the other.

  1. Musical intelligence includes distinguishing between different rhythms and music patterns.
  2. Linguistic intelligence includes the ability to easily acquire different languages, express yourself verbally, and use words to achieve certain goals.
  3. Visual-spatial intelligence includes awareness of patterns and designs in different spaces.
  4. Bodily/kinesthetic intelligence includes knowing how to solve problems using your body and athleticism.
  5. Naturalistic intelligence includes knowledge about your environment and elements in nature.
  6. Interpersonal intelligence includes the ability to understand and interact with other people.
  7. Intrapersonal intelligence includes a high level of self-awareness.
  8. Logical/mathematical intelligence includes the ability to reason and think logically.

When it comes to our level of intelligences, no two people are the same. Our level of intelligence varies for each type. For example, a psychology graduate student may be good at picking up on the emotions and motivation of their clients (interpersonal intelligence) but may dislike the outdoors and know little about their natural environment (naturalistic intelligence).

What Is Logical/Mathematical Intelligence?

Blaise Pascal, Bill Gates, and Sir Isaac Newton are famous people who have high logical/mathematical intelligence. In other words, they are skilled at deductive reasoning, detecting patterns, and logical thinking. People with logical/mathematical intelligence are good at scientific investigations and identifying relationships between different things. They are also good at understanding complex and abstract ideas.

Specifically, people with logical/mathematical intelligence are known to:

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