Logical Thinking & Reasoning Questions: Lesson for Kids

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  • 0:04 What Is Logical Thinking?
  • 0:24 Questions to Ask Yourself
  • 0:54 Solving Word Problems
  • 2:01 Visual Problem Solving
  • 2:36 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Emily Hume

Emily is a Reading Specialist and Literacy coach in a public elementary school with a Master's Degree in Elementary Education.

Math often requires both reasoning and logical thinking. When you encounter a word problem, it's important that you take the time to think through the problem. In this lesson, you will learn how to think through a math problem in a logical way!

What Is Logical Thinking?

You're baking cookies with your dad. Yum! Your job is to measure and put the ingredients into the bowl and dad's job is to read the recipe to you. He tells you to put 2 cups of sugar into the bowl, but the mixer is loud and you can't hear him. Did he say '2 cups' or '2 buckets'? Which one would make more sense? Let's think logically!

Questions to Ask Yourself

  1. How big is the bowl? Which would fit: 2 cups or 2 buckets of sugar?
  2. How much of the other ingredients did you put in? Are they more comparable in size to 2 cups, or 2 buckets?
  3. Which measurement do you see more often in a recipe, 'cups' or 'buckets'?

Once you ask and answer these questions, you'll be more likely to decide that dad must have said 'cups'. Congratulations, you have just reasoned and used logical thinking to solve a math problem! This means you thought about what would make the most sense.

Solving Word Problems

You're taking a math test. You breeze through the problems on the front, then turn your paper over and see a word problem. Don't panic! Word problems take logical thinking and a step-by-step approach. Let's try it!

Jim had 20 dollars. He did some chores around the house and got paid for his work. Now he has 34 dollars. How much did he earn in all by doing chores?

You may be tempted to simply add the two numbers that you see, especially since you see the words 'in all.' This would give you 54 dollars for your answer. But if you use logical thinking, you'll soon realize that the problem is not that simple.

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