Lyndon B. Johnson Facts: Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Abby Federico

Abby has taught elementary special education and has her master's degree in this area.

This lesson will teach you about Lyndon B. Johnson, the 36th President of the United States. You will learn about his early years, how he became president, and some highlights from his presidency.

Early Years

Lyndon B. Johnson was born August 27, 1908, in Texas. One of his nicknames was his initials: LBJ.

Johnson was not born into a rich family and he had to work his way through college to become a teacher. His family's poverty and the poverty of many of his students shaped his beliefs and played a part in some of the laws he passed as president. Poverty means that someone lives without a lot of money and sometimes doesn't have enough food, clothing, or shelter.

In 1934, Johnson married his wife, Claudia 'Lady Bird' Taylor, and they had two daughters.

Congress and Vice Presidency

The United States Congress is the part of government that makes the laws. Congress is made up of two different parts, the House of Representatives and the Senate, with each part having representatives from all 50 states.

In 1937, Johnson got into politics by being elected into the House of Representatives. He was a Democrat representing the state of Texas. Then in 1948, he was elected to the Senate, again representing his home state of Texas.

In 1960, Johnson wanted to run for president but waited too long to say so. John F. Kennedy became the Democratic nominee instead, and asked Johnson to be his running mate. This meant that after Kennedy won the election, Johnson became the vice president of the United States!

In a tragic event, John F. Kennedy was killed on November 22, 1963. Johnson then became the president of the United States.

Lyndon B. Johnson, the 36th President of the United States
Lyndon B. Johnson

Presidency

Once Johnson became president, he first focused on passing a civil rights bill and tax cut that Kennedy had been working on. After that, Johnson began focusing on his Great Society program. This program was intended to do things like control crime, fight poverty, increase education, and develop cities.

The American people liked what Johnson was doing and in 1964, he was reelected. He won the election by the most votes ever in American history. As part of his Great Society plan, Johnson and Congress passed the Medicare Amendment in 1965, which gives health insurance to older people and the poor.

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