Madeline Hunter: Lesson Plans, Model, and Templates

Instructor: Sharon Linde
Planning lessons is vital for success in the classroom. There are many lesson plan templates to follow, including the Madeline Hunter model. Read on to find out who Madeline Hunter was and learn about her model.

Who was Madeline Hunter?

Madeline Hunter's research highlighted effective methods teachers could use when planning a lesson. In 1976, Hunter co-authored an article outlining several components to be considered when planning effective lessons. The simplicity of these seven criteria soon became a 7-part model for creating lesson plans adopted widely by educators in the United States.

What's a Lesson Plan Model or Template?

If you used to think teachers just came to school knowing what to teach and how, you'd be like most of us. It wasn't until middle school that I realized teachers actually put work into preparing for our lessons. Districts and schools often provide teachers with a model or template outlining how they'd like teachers to plan for lessons. Using these models allows teachers to keep their focus on specific criteria such as lesson objectives.

Using a Lesson Plan Model or Template

Lesson plan models and templates are great tools to help teachers organize their thoughts and ideas before teaching. Most are research-based and designed for optimal student achievement. Many of the components we see in today's lesson plans come directly from Hunter's plan. What kinds of things did she highlight? See if you recognize these elements.

The Components of the Madeline Hunter Model

The Madeline Hunter lesson plan model has seven areas teachers use for planning, and they fall within three main areas - gearing up, instructing, and practice.

Gearing Up - Hunter lessons begin by preparing for student learning.

  • Objective - The first step is an important one. Teachers determine what the goal of the lesson is and write an objective.
  • Anticipatory Set - Next, teachers plan how to engage students in the lesson. They can do this in many ways but should always focus on connecting to previously taught knowledge and experiences.

Instructing - After getting the students ready to learn, teachers plan for how they will instruct.

  • Input - Teachers take information and give it to students in many ways. Input details what the teacher will teach and how.
  • Modeling - An important part of learning for students is being able to watch someone do it first. Plan for this element by thinking of a way to demonstrate skills to students.
  • Checking - Teachers need to plan on how they will determine if students understand the content. Will they give a thumbs up? Or will there be an exit slip? Preparing for this important step means never having to wonder whether a student is lagging behind. All students participate in this check-point.

Practice - Now that students have been taught, it's time to plan for their using the information.

  • Guided Practice - After checking in for understanding, give students a chance to work on the material with your help. This is an important step many teachers miss as they move directly to independent practice. This is your chance to stop misunderstandings in their tracks and re-teach when necessary.
  • Independent Practice - Once the students have a firm grasp on the lesson, it's time for them to give it a go on their own. Assign class time or homework for them to practice independently.

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