Major Health Problems in India

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  • 0:03 Major Healh Problems in India
  • 0:33 Respiratory Problems
  • 2:01 Gastrointestinal Disorders
  • 2:35 Lifestyle Concerns
  • 3:26 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Artem Cheprasov

Artem has a doctor of veterinary medicine degree.

This lesson gives you an overview of some of the major health problems facing India today. You'll also learn about some of the potential causes of these disorders and the impact they can have.

Major Health Problems In India

India is an incredibly diverse and culturally rich country. Despite gigantic and beautiful monuments, delicious food, a booming business sector, and Bollywood, it still has some major health issues that many other countries have minimized far more successfully. These health issues affect absolutely everyone, from the poorest people to the richest ones and from those who live there to tourists who only come for a short stay. Let's find out what some of these major health problems are, what their causes may be, and what impact they have on the country.

Respiratory Problems

One of the general class of problems in India is that of various lung diseases and disorders, such as asthma, bronchitis, tuberculosis, and pneumonia. These problems stem from several causes. If you've ever been to any major Indian city, you have undoubtedly noticed the thick smog that plagues many of these cities for a large chunk of the year (if not the entire year). This form of air pollution can be so severe at times that it is actually toxic to a person's respiratory system. This can exacerbate asthma and cause bronchitis.

The prevalence of air pollution in the country cannot be overstated, and it's considered to be a serious threat to the country's well-being. One major underlying reason for this much pollution is a lack of legislation and/or enforcement of programs and policies that would curtail emissions from factories, vehicles, and even the burning of crop fields.

Other important respiratory problems in India have to do with infectious disorders, such as tuberculosis and pneumonia. The reasons for these are varied, but one major challenge is either the inadequate access to healthcare or medication or the improper use thereof. Some people are simply unable to make it to a clinic due to inadequate infrastructure in rural areas. In other cases, they make it to the clinic but the way the drugs used to treat TB are prescribed or the way they are used is inappropriate. This leads to drug-resistant forms of tuberculosis, which can spread and kill others more easily. In India, about one person dies every 90 seconds due to tuberculosis.

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