Male Reproductive Diseases & Disorders Video

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  • 0:03 Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia
  • 1:39 Prostate Cancer
  • 2:32 Hypogonadism
  • 3:50 Cryptorchidism
  • 4:39 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Artem Cheprasov
There is a variety of different reproductive diseases and disorders that can affect men. This lesson describe the basics of four of them: BPH, prostate cancer, hypogonadism, and cryptorchidism.

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

Erectile dysfunction, prostate cancer, and the growth of breasts: these are some of the worst fears men face when it comes to their reproductive systems. This lesson is going to discuss just a fraction of the diseases and disorders that affect a man's reproductive system.

Let's begin with one of the most well-known disorders. It's called benign prostatic hyperplasia, or BPH, which is a condition where the prostate increases in size, but not as a result of cancer. The term uses the word 'prostate,' which is a gland that women don't have, one that produces fluid that men ejaculate when they orgasm. The term also uses the word 'hyperplasia.' This is a word that means there is an increase in the number of cells that make up the prostate. BPH uses the word 'benign' as well, which means the prostate increases in size, but not as a result of cancer. Just because it's not cancerous, however, doesn't mean that BPH doesn't cause any problems. In fact, it causes plenty of problems.

BPH can cause:

  • Difficulty starting urination
  • Straining while urinating
  • Increased frequency of urination

Why is this the case? Well, it's because the urethra, which is a tube that connects the bladder to the outside of the body, runs through the prostate. If the prostate increases in size, then it, like a fist around a water hose, clamps down around the urethra. What happens when you clamp around a water hose? The water has a hard time getting through! This is what happens in BPH, except with urine, not water, of course.

Prostate Cancer

While BPH is non-cancerous, you better believe that prostate cancer is. I mean, it's in the name! Cancer is the uncontrolled division and spread of abnormal cells throughout the body, in the prostate in this case. These were once normal cells that have become criminals who are not obeying your body's orders to stop multiplying and running around to places they don't belong.

There are plenty of risk factors for prostate cancer, including:

  • Older age (over 65 years old)
  • A family history of prostate cancer
  • Eating a lot of red meat and not enough fruits and vegetables
  • African ancestry


The prostate gland is uniquely male. Although the hormone testosterone is not, it is found in men in greater quantities than in women. However, there is a condition where a man does not produce enough testosterone. It's called male hypogonadism. The word 'hypogonadism' comes from hypo-, which means 'abnormally low,' and gonad, which in men are the sex glands (or testicles) that produce the hormone testosterone and sperm cells.

Usually, the reason for this condition in men is that the testicles simply are not functioning to 100% of capacity. If the testicles are missing entirely, however, this can also be the cause of male hypogonadism. As a result of this problem, men may have:

  • Underdeveloped genitals
  • Underdevelopment in a characteristic male voice, muscle mass, and body hair
  • Gynecomastia, which is the abnormal development of large breast tissue in men
  • Infertility and/or erectile dysfunction

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