Mangroves Lesson Plan

Instructor: Sharon Linde
Use this lesson plan to teach your students about mangroves. Students will read a text lesson describing types and characteristics of mangrove trees, discuss and analyze content, then apply to a fun activity. Finish with a quiz for a formative assessment.

Learning Objectives

After this lesson, students will be able to:

  • describe and compare characteristics of mangrove trees
  • name and identify the four types of mangrove trees found in the U.S.


1 hour for the lesson plus time for activity


  • Images of red, black, white, and buttonwood mangrove trees, enough copies for each small group
  • Copies of the text lesson Mangroves: Definition, Types & Facts, one for each student
  • Chart paper and marker
  • Index cards
  • Shoe boxes
  • Clay
  • Paper
  • Scissors
  • Glue
  • Other arts and craft supplies as needed for the activity

Key Vocabulary

  • Mangrove
  • Filtration system
  • Extensive root system
  • Prop roots
  • Pneumatophores

Curriculum Standards


Refer to details and examples in a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.


Explain events, procedures, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text, including what happened and why, based on specific information in the text.


Determine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words or phrases in a text relevant to a grade 4 topic or subject area.


Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic.

Warm Up

  • Divide students into small groups and give each copies of the four types of mangrove trees.
  • Instruct groups to compare and contrast, noticing how the trees are similar and different, and have them record their answers on paper.
  • When finished, have groups share their observations.
  • Title your chart paper 'Mangrove Tree' and distribute the Mangroves: Definition, Types & Facts text lesson.

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