Medieval Castle Lesson Plan

Instructor: Sharon Linde

Sharon has a Masters of Science in Mathematics

Use this lesson plan to teach your students about castles. Two informational lessons lead students through the history and purposes of castles to their specific use in medieval times. Discussion questions, hands-on learning, and a quiz make concepts from this lesson stick.

Learning Objectives

After this lesson, students will be able to:

  • explain the history and purposes of castles
  • describe types of castles


1 hour for lesson plus additional time for application activity


Key Vocabulary

  • Medieval
  • Keep
  • Siege warfare
  • Middle Ages
  • Concentric castle

Curriculum Standards

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.1

Refer to details and examples in a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.3

Explain events, procedures, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text, including what happened and why based on specific information in the text.


  • Divide students into small heterogeneously mixed groups and have them discuss what they know about castles. Have them record and share as you write down on the board under the heading 'What we know about castles.'
  • Now label the board 'What,' 'When,' 'Where,' 'Why,' 'Who' and 'How.'
  • Distribute the lesson History of Castles: Lesson for Kids and read the first section 'Castles are Hard to Attack' together.
  • Work with students to determine if you can use the information from this section to fill in any of the 'W' questions (you have the start of who, when, what and where) and record.
  • Have students read the sections 'Norman Castles,' '100 Years War' and 'Stylish Castles' together, discussing and recording information to further answer the 'W' questions.
  • When students are finished have them share one answer at a time, allowing them to take turns recording on the board.
  • Have students work with their group to write a statement explaining castles using the information. Statements should include a bit of each of the 'W' information.
  • Share and read the 'Lesson Summary' together. Follow up with the quiz, taken and corrected as a group.
  • Next display the lesson Medieval Castles: Lesson for Kids.
  • Read through the lesson together, working with students to highlight key information about building castles and recording in the appropriate space on your 'W' chart.
  • When finished, allow students to ask any remaining questions and take the quiz to check understanding.

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