Adrianne has a master's degree in cancer biology and has taught high school and college biology.
At the completion of this lesson, students will be able to:
- Identify the Mexican flag
- Describe the history and meaning of the Mexican flag
1.5 - 2 hours
Determine the central ideas or conclusions of a text; provide an accurate summary of the text distinct from prior knowledge or opinions.
Determine the meaning of symbols, key terms, and other domain-specific words and phrases as they are used in a specific scientific or technical context relevant to grades 6-8 texts and topics.
Integrate quantitative or technical information expressed in words in a text with a version of that information expressed visually (e.g., in a flowchart, diagram, model, graph, or table).
- Copies of The Mexican Flag: History & Meaning
- Copies of the lesson quiz
- Small poster boards
- Printer paper
- Transparency of various country flags
- Begin your lesson by displaying the flags of different countries and asking your students to identify as many flags as they can.
- Tell your students that they are going to learn more about the Mexican flag today as they read The Mexican Flag: History & Meaning. Distribute the copies of the lesson to your students.
- Select students to read a paragraph each of the lesson. Read the lesson and pause for discussions along the way.
- Read from the beginning and stop after reading 'The Flag of Mexico' section. Ask and discuss:
- In what year did Mexico gain its independence?
- What colors are on the Mexican flag?
- In what year was the flag formally adopted?
- Continue reading through the end of 'The Eagle and the Cactus' section. Now, ask and discuss:
- What are the two parts to the Mexican flag?
- What is on the central emblem of the Mexican flag?
- Where does the name 'Mexico' come from?
- Why is an eagle and cactus used on the flag?
- Continue reading through 'The Colored Bands' section, then ask and discuss:
- What does red represent on the flag?
- What does white represent on the flag?
- What does green represent on the flag?
- When did the Mexican War of Independence begin?
- Who became the independence movement's greatest hero?
- Who wrote the Plan de Iguala?
- What are the Three Guarantees?
- How are the Three Guarantees represented on the flag?
- Read the Lesson Summary to your students and answer any questions they may have.
Group Flag Activity
- Divide your students into groups of 3.
- Explain to them that they are going to design their own version of Mexico's flag on a poster board now that they know the history and meaning behind the current flag.
- Here are the guidelines for designing the flag:
- Students must use the same colors.
- There must be an emblem somewhere on the flag (students can use a variation of the original one or create a new emblem).
- Write a summary of the meaning of each part of the flag as a group.
- Write a brief statement about what the flag means to each of them.
- Hang each group's flag on the wall and put the summaries and statements below the flags. Each group should walk around to view every flag and their meanings.
- The class can take a vote on which flag they like the best.
- Give your students the lesson quiz to take individually.
- Review the answers to the quiz together as a class.
- Have your students create a history and design a flag for a country they create.
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