Middle East Countries & Capitals

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  • 0:03 The Middle East
  • 0:40 Countries & Capitals
  • 2:59 Other Countries
  • 4:06 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Artem Cheprasov

Artem has a doctor of veterinary medicine degree.

Have you ever wanted to visit the Middle East? Not sure of where to go? This lesson goes over the countries and capitals of the Middle East, as well as some interesting facts about them.

The Middle East

The Middle East is a hard place to define. How you define its geographic extent depends on whether you look at it from a historical, cultural, ethnic, linguistic, military, or economics-related perspective - perhaps, even a combination thereof. Very generally, though, the Middle East can be seen as a body of land that is bounded by the Caucasus on its northern frontier; Iran on its eastern edge; the Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, and the Arabian Sea at its southern tip; and the eastern shores of the Mediterranean Sea on its western flank.

Let's take a trip throughout this incredible land!

Countries & Capitals

We begin our trip in Ankara, Turkey, which was once part of the Ottoman Empire. Turkey is also the land of the ancient city of Troy and the Bosphorus Strait, which divides Europe from Asia.

From Turkey, we journey directly east to Tehran, Iran. Iran is a country rich in history as it was once the mainstay of the Persian Empire. Turning westward, we make our way to Baghdad, Iraq. Iraq is more recently known for its dictator Saddam Hussein and the Iraq War but is a country which harbors part of the region known as Mesopotamia, where many important aspects of civilization took root.

Further west lies Damascus, Syria. Damascus is one of the world's oldest continuously inhabited cities and has been ruled by empires ranging from the Roman Empire to the Ottoman Empire. Not far away from Damascus lies Beirut, Lebanon. Lebanon is located right on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea. Beirut was famous for its school of law in ancient times.

Turning to the south of Lebanon, we enter Jerusalem, Israel. Jerusalem is a city that is an important historical and religious site for many people of the three main Western faiths: Christianity, Islam, and Judaism. From Israel we head east again to Amman, Jordan. Jordan is technically a kingdom ruled by Abdullah II. He was partly educated in the United States and is known for his love of motorcycles.

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