Milk Lesson Plan

Instructor: Tammy Galloway

Tammy teaches business courses at the post-secondary and secondary level and has a master's of business administration in finance.

Use this lesson plan to teach your students about milk production and safety requirements. With its help, students will read a text lesson, participate in discussion questions, complete an activity, and take a quiz.

Learning Objectives

After this lesson, students will be able to:

  • discuss how milk is produced
  • identify equipment utilized in the process
  • explain the safety and quality requirements of milk production


60 minutes

Curriculum Standards

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.1.a

Introduce precise, knowledgeable claim(s), establish the significance of the claim(s), distinguish the claim(s) from alternate or opposing claims, and create an organization that logically sequences claim(s), counterclaims, reasons, and evidence.

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.1.b

Develop claim(s) and counterclaims fairly and thoroughly, supplying the most relevant evidence for each while pointing out the strengths and limitations of both in a manner that anticipates the audience's knowledge level, concerns, values, and possible biases.

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.11-12.6

Acquire and use accurately general academic and domain-specific words and phrases, sufficient for reading, writing, speaking, and listening at the college and career readiness level; demonstrate independence in gathering vocabulary knowledge when considering a word or phrase important to comprehension or expression.



  • Begin this lesson by asking students if they know how milk goes from a cow to their table. Then explain that this lesson explores that process.
  • Distribute the Milk & Dairy Production Process lesson, select a volunteer to read 'Milk Production' out loud, then start the following discussion:
    • How can one tell when a cow is prepared to produce milk.
    • Define the 'drying off' period.
    • What must a cow do to continue to produce milk?
    • How often will a cow produce a calf?
  • Now choose another student to read 'Milking Advances' out loud, then ask students to explain the process.
  • Next select a volunteer to read 'Milking Equipment' and pose the following questions:
    • Explain an automatic milking system.
    • What is the difference between a milking box and parlor?
  • Then choose two more students to read the 'Milk Quality' and 'Processes' sections of the text lesson out loud and provide the following prompts:
    • Explain how somatic cells affect the quality and safety of milk.
    • How many somatic cells represent quality milk in the United States?
    • Are the European's requirement more or less stringent?
    • Why do you believe there is a difference between the United States and European requirements?
    • What is the difference between pasteurization and homogenization?
  • Afterwards, ask students to read the 'Lesson Summary' independently.
  • Then distribute the lesson quiz and require students to complete it in pairs.
  • Review the answers to the quiz questions as a class.

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